Glossology Page Masthead


 

Selected Translation Terms
from Dr. Rupert Gethin's
Sayings of the Buddha, Oxford University Press, 2008

Abhiññā direct knowledge
Appamāda attentiveness
Āsava taints
Attan self
Bala powers
Bhikkhu monk
Bodhi awakening
Citta mind
Dhamma Truth, practice, qualities, teaching
Diṭṭhi view
Domanassa unhappyness
Dukkha suffering
Indriya faculties, senses
Jhāna absorption
Kamma action
Khandha aggregates
Kāma sense desire
Manasikāra attention
Metta friendliness
Nibbidā disenchantment
Nirodha cessation
Nīvaraṇa hindrances
Padhāna application
Passaddhi tranquillity
Paññā wisdom
Paṭicca samuppāda dependent arising
Rūpa form
Sacca truth
Samatha calm
Sampajaññā awareness
Samādhi concentration
Sankhāra forces, volitional conditions
Sati mindfulness
Saññā conceiving
Saɱyojana fetters
Sila moral behavior
Taṇhā craving
Upekkhā equanimity
Vedana feelings
Vicara examining
Vipassana insight
Viriya energy
Virāga dispassion
Vitakka thinking
Viññaṇā consciousness
First Jhāna Completely secluded from sense desirs and unwholesome qualities, he lives having attained the joy and happiness of the first absorption, which is accompanied by thinking and examining, and born of seclusion.
Second Jhāna by stilling thinking and examining, a monk lives having attained the joy and happiness of the second absorption, a state of inner clarity and mental unification that is without thinking and examining, and is born of concentration.
Third Jhāna by having no desire for joy a monk lives equanimously, mindful and fully aware; he experiences the bodily happiness of which the noble ones speak saying "equanimous and mindful, one lives happily", and so lives having attained the third absorption
Fourth Jhāna by letting go of happiness and unhappiness, as a result of the earlier dispappearance of pleasure and pain, a monk lives having attained the pure equanimity and mindfulness of the fourth absorption, which is free of happiness and unhappiness.