Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
I. Mūla-paṇṇāsa
1. Mūla-pariyāya Vagga

Sutta 3

Dhamma-Dāyāda Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


[12]

[1][chlm][pts][upal] Evam me sutaɱ.|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi bhikkhavo' ti.|| ||

Bhadante ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca.|| ||

2. Dhamma-dāyādā me bhikkhave bhavatha mā āmisa-dāyādā.|| ||

Atthi me tumhesu anukampā kinti me sāvakā dhamma-dāyādā bhaveyyuɱ no āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

Tumhe ca me bhikkhave āmisa-dāyādā bhaveyyātha no dhamma-dāyādā.|| ||

Tumhe pi tena ādissā bhaveyyātha āmisa-dāyādā Satthu-sāvakā viharanti no dhamma-dāyādā.|| ||

Aham pi tena ādisso bhaveyyaɱ āmisa-dāyādā Satthu-sāvakā viharanti no dhamma-dāyādā1' ti.|| ||

Tumhe ca me bhikkhave dhamma-dāyādā bhaveyyātha no āmisa-dāyādā.|| ||

Tumhe pi tena na ādissā bhaveyyātha dhamma-dāyādā Satthu-sāvakā viharanti no āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

Aham pi tena na ādisso bhaveyyaɱ dhamma-dāyādā Satthu-sāvakā viharanti no āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

Tasmā tiha me bhikkhave dhamma-dāyādā bhavatha mā āmisa-dāyādā.|| ||

Atthi me tumhesu anukampā kinti me sāvakā dhamma-dāyādā bhaveyyuɱ no āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

3. Idh'āhaɱ bhikkhave bhuttāvī assaɱ pavārito paripuṇṇo pariyo-sito suhito yāva-dattho.|| ||

Siyā ca me piṇḍa-pāto atireka-dhammo chaḍḍiya-dhammo.|| ||

Atha dve bhikkhū āgaccheyyuɱ [13] jighacchādubbalya-paretā.|| ||

Tyāhaɱ evaɱ vadeyyaɱ: || ||

Ahaɱ kho'mhi bhikkhave bhuttāvī pavārito paripuṇṇo pariyo-sito suhito yāva-dattho.|| ||

Atthi ca me ayaɱ piṇḍa-pāto atireka-dhammo chaḍḍiya-dhammo.|| ||

Sace ākaŋkhatha bhuñjatha.|| ||

Sace tumhe na bhuñjissatha idān'āhaɱ appaharite vā chaḍḍessāmi appāṇake vā udake opilāpessāmī ti.|| ||

4. Tatr'ekassa bhikkhuno evam assa:|| ||

Bhagavā kho bhuttāvī pavārito paripuṇṇo pariyo-sito suhito yāva-dattho.|| ||

Atthi cāyaɱ Bhagavato piṇḍa-pāto atireka-dhammo chaḍḍiya-dhammo.|| ||

Sace mayaɱ na bhuñjissāma idāni Bhagavā appaharite vā chaḍḍessati appāṇake vā udake opilāpessati.|| ||

Vuttaɱ kho pan'etaɱ Bhagavatā dhamma-dāyādā me bhikkhave bhavatha mā āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

Āmisaññataraɱ kho pan'etaɱ yad idaɱ piṇḍāpāto.|| ||

Yan'nūnāhaɱ imaɱ piṇḍa-pātaɱ abhuñjitvā iminā'va jighacchādubbalyena evaɱ imaɱ rattin-divaɱ vītināmeyyan ti.|| ||

So taɱ piṇḍa-pātaɱ abhuñjitvā ten'eva jighacchādubbalyena evaɱ taɱ rattin-divaɱ vītināmeyya.|| ||

5. Atha dutiyassa bhikkhuno evam assa:|| ||

Bhagavā kho bhuttāvī pavārito paripuṇṇo pariyo-sito suhito yāva-dattho.|| ||

Atthi cāyaɱ Bhagavato piṇḍa-pāto atireka-dhammo chaḍḍiya-dhammo.|| ||

Sace mayaɱ na bhuñjissāma idāni Bhagavā appaharite vā chaḍḍessati appāṇake vā udake opilāpessati.|| ||

Yan'nūnāhaɱ imaɱ piṇḍa-pātaɱ bhuñjitvā jighacchādubbalyaɱ paṭivinetvā evaɱ imaɱ rattin-divaɱ vītināmeyyanti.|| ||

So naɱ piṇḍa-pātaɱ bhuñjitvā jighacchādubbalyaɱ paṭivinetvā evaɱ rattin-divaɱ vītināmeyya.|| ||

Kiñ cāpi so bhikkhave bhikkhu naɱ piṇḍa-pātaɱ bhuñjitvā jighacchādubbalyaɱ paṭivinetvā evaɱ taɱ rattin-divaɱ vītināmeyya,||
atha kho asuyeva me purimo bhikkhu pujjataro ca pāsaɱsataro ca.|| ||

Taɱ kissa hetu?|| ||

Taɱ hi tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno dīgha-rattaɱ appicchatāya santuṭṭhiyā sallekhāya subharatāya viriy'ārambhāya saɱvattissati.|| ||

Tasmā ti ha bhikkhave dhamma-dāyādā bhavatha mā āmisa-dāyādā.|| ||

Atthi me tumhesu anukampā:|| ||

Kinti me sāvakā dhamma-dāyādā bhaveyyuɱ,||
no āmisa-dāyādā' ti.|| ||

6. Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Idaɱ vatvā Sugato uṭṭhāy āsanā vihāraɱ pāvisi.|| ||

7. Tatra kho āyasmā Sāriputto acira-pakkantassa Bhagavato bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

'Āvuso bhikkhavo' ti.|| ||

'Āvuso ti kho [14] te bhikkhū āyasmato Sāriputtassa paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Āyasmā Sāriputto etad avoca.|| ||

8. Kittāvatā nu kho āvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhantīti,||
kittāvatā ca pana Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhantī ti.|| ||

Dūrato pi kho mayaɱ āvuso āgaccheyyāma āyasmato Sāriputtassa santike etassa bhāsitassa atthamaññātuɱ.|| ||

Sādhu vatāya-smantaɱ yeva Sāriputtaɱ paṭibhātu etassa bhāsitassa attho.|| ||

Āyasmato Sāriputtassa sutvā bhikkhū dhāre-s-santī ti.|| ||

"Tena hāvuso suṇātha sādhukaɱ manasi karotha bhāsissāmīti."|| ||

Evam āvuso ti kho te bhikkhū āyasmato Sāriputtassa paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Āyasmā Sāriputto etad avoca:|| ||

9. Kittāvatā nu kho āvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhanti?|| ||

Idh'āvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhanti.|| ||

Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme nappajahanti.|| ||

Bāhulikā ca honti sāthalikā okkamane pubbaŋ-gamā paviveke nikkhitta-dhurā.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso therā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti:||
'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhantī'ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme nappajahantī'ti iminā dutiyena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Bāhulikā ca sāthalikā okkamane pubbaŋ-gamā paviveke nikkhitta-dhurā'ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

Therā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

10. Tatr'āvuso majjhimā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti:||
'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhantī'ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme nappajahantī'ti iminā dutiyena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Bāhulikā ca sāthalikā ca okkamane pubbaŋ-gamā paviveke nikkhitta-dhurā'ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

Majjhimā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso navā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti:|| ||

'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhantī' ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme nappajahantī' ti iminā dutiyena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

'Bāhulikā ca sāthalikā ca okkamane pubbaŋ-gamā paviveke nikkhitta-dhurā' ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

Navā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi gārayhā bhavanti.|| ||

Ettāvatāvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānusikkhan ti.|| ||

11. Kittāvatā ca pana Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā [15] vivekaɱ ānu-sikkhan ti?|| ||

Idh'āvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhanti.|| ||

Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme pajahanti.|| ||

Na ca bāhulikā honti na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhitta-dhurā paviveke pubbaŋ-gamā.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso therā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti:|| ||

'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhantī' ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme pajahantī' ti.|| ||

Iminā dutiyena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Na ca bāhulikā na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhitta-dhurā paviveke pubbaŋ-gamā' ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena therā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

Therā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

12. Tatr'āvuso majjhimā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti:||
'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhantī'ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme pajahantī' ti.|| ||

Iminā dutiyena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Na ca bāhulikā na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhitta-dhurā paviveke pubbaŋ-gamā'ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena majjhimā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

Majjhimā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso navā bhikkhū tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti:'Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhantī'ti iminā paṭhamena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Yesañ ca dhammānaɱ Satthā pahānamāha,||
te ca dhamme pajahantī'ti iminā dutiyena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

'Na ca bāhulikā na sāthalikā okkamane nikkhitta-dhurā paviveke pubbaŋ-gamā'ti iminā tatiyena ṭhānena navā bhikkhū pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

Navā hāvuso bhikkhū imehi tīhi ṭhānehi pāsaɱsā bhavanti.|| ||

Ettāvatā kho āvuso Satthu pavivittassa viharato sāvakā vivekaɱ nānu-sikkhanti.|| ||

13. Tatr'āvuso lobho ca pāpako,||
doso ca pāpako.|| ||

Lobhassa ca pahānāya dosassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

14. Tatr'āvuso kodho ca pāpako,||
upanāho ca pāpako.|| ||

Kodhassa ca pahānāya upanāhassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso makkho ca pāpako,||
palāso ca pāpako.|| ||

Makkhassa ca pahānāya palāsassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso issā ca pāpikā,||
maccherañca ca pāpakaɱ.|| ||

Issāya ca pahānāya maccherassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso māyā ca pāpikā sāṭheyyañ ca ca pāpakaɱ.|| ||

Māyāya ca pahānāya sāṭheyyassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso thambho ca pāpako [16] sārambho ca pāpako.|| ||

Thambhassa ca pahānāya sārambhassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso māno ca pāpako,||
ati-māno ca pāpako.|| ||

Mānassa ca pahānāya ati-mānassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Tatr'āvuso mado ca pāpako,||
pamādo ca pāpako.|| ||

Madassa ca pahānāya pamādassa ca pahānāya atthi majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

Katamā ca sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati?|| ||

Ayam-eva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā-diṭṭhi||
sammā-saŋkappo||
sammā-vācā||
sammā-kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā-vāyāmo||
sammā-sati||
sammā samādhi.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho sā āvuso majjhimā paṭipadā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbāṇāya saŋvattati.|| ||

15. Idam avoca āyasmā Sāriputto attamanā te bhikkhū āyasmato Sāriputtassa bhāsitaɱ abhinandun ti.

Dhamma-Dāyāda Suttaɱ Tatiyaɱ


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