IV. Upāli Vagga
The Numerical Discourses of the Buddha
X. The Book of the Tens
Translated from the Pali by Bhikkhu Bodhi.
© 2012 Bhikkhu Bodhi
Boston, MA 02115
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"Bhante, on how many grounds has the Tathāgata prescribed the training rules for his disciples and recited the Pātimokkha."
"It is, Upāli, on ten grounds that the Tathāgata has prescribed the training rules for his disciples and recited the Pātimokkha.
(1) For the well-being of the Saŋgha;
(2) for the ease of the Saŋgha;
(3) for keeping recalcitrant persons in check; (4) so that well-behaved bhikkhus can dwell at ease;
(5) for the restraint of taints pertaining to this present life;
(6) for the dispelling of taints pertaining to future lives;
(7) so that those without confidence might gain confidence; and
(8) for increasing [the confidence] of those with confidence;
(9) for the continuation of the good Dhamma; and
(10) for promoting discipline.
"It is on these ten grounds that the Tathāgata has prescribed the training rules for his disciples and recited the Pātimokkha."