Aŋguttara Nikāya


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Aŋguttara Nikāya
Pañcaka Nipāta
III: Pañc'aŋgika Vagga

Sutta 28

Pañc'aŋgika Samādhi Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


[25]

[1][pts][than][bodh] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharati.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi:|| ||

"Bhikkhavo" ti.|| ||

"Bhadante" ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā samādhissa bhāvanaɱ desissāmi.|| ||

Taɱ suṇātha sādhukaɱ manasi-karotha||
bhāsissāmī" ti.|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante" ti kho te bhikkhu Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:

"Katamā ca bhikkhave ariyassa pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa bhāvanā?

2. Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi||
sa-vitakkaɱ,||
sa-vicāraɱ||
viveka-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So imam eva kāyaɱ viveka-jena||
pīti-sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripūreti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
viveka-jena pīti-sukhena apaphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

3. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, dakkho nahāpako vā||
nahāpakantevāsī vā||
kaɱsathāle nahāniyacuṇṇāni ākiritvā udakena paripphosakaɱ paripphosakaɱ sanneyya||
sāssa nahāniyapiṇḍi snehānugatā snehaparetā santara-bāhirā phuṭā snehena na ca paggharati,||
evam eva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imam eva kāyaɱ viveka-jena pīti-sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripūreti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
viveka-jena pīti-sukhena apthuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa ayaɱ paṭhamā bhāvanā.|| ||

4. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave bhikkhu||
vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ||
cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ||
avicāraɱ||
samādhi-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So imam eva kāyaɱ||
samādhi-jena||
pīti-sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripūreti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
samādhi-jena pīti-sukhena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

5. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, udaka-rahado ubbhidodako,||
tassa nev'assa puratthi-māya disāya udakassa āya-mukhaɱ||
na pacchi-māya disāya udakassa āya-mukhaɱ||
na uttarāya [26] disāya udakassa āya-mukhaɱ||
na dakkhiṇāya disāya udakassa āya-mukhaɱ||
devo ca na kālena kālaɱ sammā-dhāraɱ anuppaveccheyya||
atha kho tambhā ca udaka-rahadā sītā vāridhārā ubbhijjītvā tam eva udaka-rahadaɱ sītena vārinā||
abhisandeyya||
parisandeyya||
paripureyya||
paripphareyya||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato udaka-rahadassa sītena vārinā apphuṭaɱ assa.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu imeva kāyaɱ samādhi-jena pīti-sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripureti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa samādhi-jena pīti-sukhena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa ayaɱ dutiyā bhāvanā.

6. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā||
upekkhako ca viharati||
sato ca sampajāno||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti||
yaɱ taɱ ariyā ācikkhanti:|| ||

'Upekkhako satimā sukha-vihārī' ti|| ||

tatiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So imam eva kāyaɱ nippīti-kena sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripūreti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
nippīti-kena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

7. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, uppaliniyaɱ vā||
paduminiyaɱ vā||
puṇḍarīkiniyaɱ vā||
app ekaccāni uppalāni vā||
padumāni vā||
puṇḍarīkāni vā||
udake jātāni udake saɱvaddhāni udakānuggatāni anto nimuggaposīni||
tāni yāvaggā yāva mūlā sītena vārinā||
abhisannāni||
parisannāni||
paripūrāni||
paripphuṭāni,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vataɱ uppalānaɱ vā||
padumānaɱ vā||
puṇḍarīkānaɱ vā||
sītena vārinā apphuṭaɱ assa.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kāyaɱ nippīti-kena sukhena||
abhisandeti||
parisandeti||
paripūreti||
parippharati,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa nippīti-kena sukhena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa ayaɱ tatiyā bhāvanā.|| ||

8. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave bhikkhu||
sukhassa ca pā- [27] hāṇā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubb'eva somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋ-gamā||
adukkha-ɱ-asukhaɱ||
upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So imam eva kāyaɱ parisuddhena cetasā||
pariyodāneta||
pharitvā||
pharitvā nisinno hoti||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
parisuddhena cetasā||
pariyodātena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

9. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, puriso odāteka vatthena sasīsaɱ pārupitvā nisinno assa,||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa odātena vatthena apphuṭaɱ assa.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu imam eva kāyaɱ parisuddhena cetasā||
pariyodātena||
pharitvā nisinno hoti||
nāssa kiñci sabbā-vato kāyassa||
parisuddhena cetasā||
pariyodātena apphuṭaɱ hoti.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa ayaɱ catutthā bhāvanā.|| ||

10. Puna ca paraɱ bhikkhave bhikkhuno pacc-a-vekkhaṇā-nimittaɱ suggahītaɱ hoti||
sumana-sikataɱ||
sūpadhāritaɱ||
suppaṭi-viddhaɱ paññāya.|| ||

11. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, añño'vā aññaɱ pacc-a-vekkheyya||
ṭhito vā nisinnaɱ pacc-a-vekkheyya||
nisinno vā nipannaɱ pacc-a-vekkheyya||
evam eva kho, bhikkhave,||
bhikkhuno pacc-a-vekkhaṇā-nimittaɱ suggahītaɱ hoti||
sumana-sikataɱ||
sūpadhāritaɱ||
suppaṭi-viddhaɱ paññāyā.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave pañc'aŋgikassa sammā-samādhissa ayaɱ pañcamī bhāvanā

Evaɱ bhāvite kho bhikkhave bhikkhu ariye pañc'aŋgike sammā-samādhimhi evaɱ bahulī-kate yassa yassa abhiññā sacchi-karaṇīyassa Dhammassa cittaɱ abhininnāmeti abhiññā sacchi-kiriyāya||
tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.

12. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, udaka-maṇiko ādhāre ṭhapito pūro udakassa samatittiko kākapeyyo||
tam enaɱ balavā puriso yato yato āvajjeyya||
āgaccheyya udakan" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ [28] bhante".|| ||

"Evam'eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu evaɱ bhāvite ariye pañc'aŋgike sammā-samādhimhi evaɱ bahulī-kate yassa yassa abhiññā sacchi-karaṇīyassa Dhammassa cittaɱ abhininnāmeni abhiññā sacchi-kiriyāya||
tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāni sati sati āyatane.

13. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, same bhumibhāge pokkharaṇī caturassā ālibaddhā pūrā udakassa samatittikā kākapeyyā,||
tam enaɱ balavā puriso yato yato āliɱ muñceyya||
āgaccheyya udakan" ti?.|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante".|| ||

"Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu evaɱ bhāvite ariye pañc'aŋgike sammā-samādhimahi evaɱ bahulī-kate yassa yassa abhiññā sacchi-karaṇīyassa Dhammassa cittaɱ abhinitnāmeti abhiññā sacchi-kiriyāya||
tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

14. Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, subhūmiyaɱ cātu-m-mahā-pathe ājaññaratho yutto assa ṭhito odhastapatodo||
tam enaɱ dakkho yoggācariyo assa-damma-sārathi abhirūhitvā vāmena hatthena rasmiyo gahetvā dakkhiṇena hatthena patodaɱ gahetvā yen'icchakaɱ yad icchakaɱ sāreyya pi paccāsāreyya pi.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu evaɱ bhāvite

"Evam eva kho bhikkhave bhikkhu evaɱ bhāvite ariye pañc'aŋgike sammā-samādhimahi evaɱ bahulī-kate yassa yassa abhiññā sacchi-karaṇīyassa Dhammassa cittaɱ abhinitnāmeti abhiññā sacchi-kiriyāya||
tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

So sace ākankhati:|| ||

"Aneka-vihitaɱ iddhi-vidhaɱ [29] pacc'anubhaveyyaɱ:||
eko pi hutvā bahudhā assaɱ bahudhā pi hutvā eko hoti,||
āvībhāvaɱ tiro-bhāvaɱ tiro-kuḍḍaɱ tiro-pākāraɱ tiro-pabbataɱ asajja-māno gacchati seyyathā pi ākāse,||
paṭhaviyā pi ummujjani-mujjaɱ karoti seyyathā pi udake,||
udake pi abhijja-māne gacchati seyyathā pi paṭhaviyaɱ,||
ākāse pi pallaŋkena kamati seyyathā pi pakkhī sakuṇo.|| ||

Ime pi candima-suriye evaɱ mah-ā-nubhāve pāṇinā parāma-sati parimajjati.|| ||

Yāva Brahma-lokā pi kāyena va saɱvatteyyan ti."|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

So sace ākankhati:|| ||

"Dibbāya sota-dhātuyā visuddhāya atikkanta-mānusikāya ubho sadde suṇeyyaɱ dibbe ca mānuse ca ye dūre ye santike cā" ti.|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

So sace ākankhati|| ||

"Parasattānaɱ para-puggalānaɱ cetasā ceto paricca pajāneyyaɱ:||
sarāgaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Sarāgaɱ cittan' ti pajāneyyaɱ||
vīta-rāgaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Vīta-rāgaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
sadosaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Sadosaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
vīta-dosaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Vīta-dosaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
samohaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Samohaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
vīta-mohaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Vīta-mohaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
sankhittaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Sankhittaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;,||
vikkhittaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Vikkhittaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
mahaggataɱ vā cittaɱ 'Mahaggataɱ cittaɱ' ti pajānāti;||
amahaggataɱ vā cittaɱ 'Amahaggataɱ cittaɱ' ti pajānāti;||
sa-uttaraɱ vā cittaɱ 'Sa-uttaraɱ cittaɱ' ti pajānāti;||
anuttaraɱ vā cittaɱ 'Anuttaraɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
samāhitaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Samāhitaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
asamāhitaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Asamāhitaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
vimuttaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Vimuttaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti;||
avimuttaɱ vā cittaɱ 'Avimuttaɱ cittan' ti pajānāti.|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

So sace ākankhati|| ||

"Aneka-vihitaɱ pubbe-nivāsaɱ anussareyyaɱ seyyath'īdaɱ:||
ekam pi jātiɱ dve pi jātiyo tisso pi jātiyo catasso pi jātiyo pañca pi jātiyo||
dasa pi jātiyo vīsam pi jātiyo tiɱsam pi jātiyo cattārīsam pi jātiyo paññāsam pi jātiyo||
jāti-satam pi jāti-sahassam pi jāti-sata-sahassam pi||
aneke pi saɱvaṭṭa-kappe aneke pi vivaṭṭa-kappe aneke pi saɱvaṭṭa-vivaṭṭa-kappe amutrāsiɱ evaɱ nāmo evaɱ-gotto evaɱ-vaṇṇo evam-āhāro evaɱ-sukha-dukkha-paṭisaŋvedī evam-āyu-pariyanto.|| ||

So tato cuto amutra upapādiɱ tatrāpāsiɱ evaɱ nāmo evaɱ-gotto evaɱ-vaṇṇo evam-āhāro evaɱ-sukha-dukkha-paṭisaŋvedī evam-āyu-pariyanto.|| ||

So tato cuto idhūpapanno' ti.|| ||

Iti sākāraɱ sa uddesaɱ aneka-vihitaɱ pubbe-nivāsaɱ anussareyyan" ti.|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

[19]So sace ākankhati|| ||

"Dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkanta-mānusa-kena satte passati cavamāne uppajjamāne hīne paṇite suvaṇṇe dubbaṇeṇa sugate duggate yathā-kammupage satte pajāneti ime vata bhonto sattā||
kāya-du-c-caritena samannāgatā,||
vacī-du-c-caritena samannāgatā||
mano-du-c-caritena samannāgatā||
ariyānaɱ upavādakā micchā-diṭṭhikā||
micchā-diṭṭhi-kamma-samādānā.|| ||

Te kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā apāyaɱ duggatiɱ vinipātaɱ Nirayaɱ upapannā.|| ||

Ime vā pana bhonto sattā||
kāya-sucaritena samannāgatā||
vacī-sucaritena samannāgatā||
mano-sucaritena samannāgatā||
ariyānaɱ anupavādakā sammā-diṭṭhikā||
sammā-diṭṭhi-kamma-samādānā.|| ||

Te kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiɱ saggaɱ lokaɱ uppannāti iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkanta-mānusa-kena satte passati cavamāne uppajjamāne hīne paṇite suvaṇeṇa dubbaṇeṇa sugate duggate yathā-kammupage satte pajāneyyan" ti.|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāti sati sati āyatane.|| ||

So sace ākankhati|| ||

"Āsavānaɱ khayā anāsavaɱ ceto-vimuttiɱ||
paññā-vimuttiɱ||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme sayaɱ abhiññā||
sacchi-katvā upasampajja vihareyyan" ti.|| ||

Tatra tatr'eva sakkhi-bhabbataɱ pāpuṇāni sati sati āyatane ti.|| ||

 


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