Aŋguttara Nikāya


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Aŋguttara Nikāya
X. Dasaka-Nipāta
III. Mahā Vagga

Sutta 27

Mahā-Pañha Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


[48]

[1][pts][bodh] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharataki Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

Atha kho sambhahulā bhikkhu pubbaṇha samayaɱ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraɱ ādāya Sāvatthiyaɱ piṇḍāya pavisiɱsu.|| ||

Atha kho tesaɱ bhikkhunaɱ etad ahosi:|| ||

"Atipaggo kho tāva Sāvatthiyaɱ piṇḍāya carituɱ,||
yan nūna mayaɱ yena añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ ārāmo ten'upasankameyyāmā" ti.|| ||

Atha kho te bhikkhu yena añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ ārāmo ten'upasankamiɱsu.|| ||

Upasaɱkamitvā tehi añña-titthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiɱ sammodiɱsu.|| ||

Sammodanīyaɱ kathaɱ sārāṇīyaɱ vīti-sāretvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdiɱsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinne kho te bhikkhu te añña-titthiyā paribbājakā etad avocuɱ:|| ||

"Samaṇo āvuso Gotamo sāvakānaɱ evaɱ dhammaɱ deseti:

'Etha tumhe bhikkhave sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhijānātha:||
sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhiññāya abhiññāya viharathā' ti.|| ||

Mayam pi kho āvuso sāvakānaɱ evaɱ dhammaɱ desema:

'Etha tumhe āvuso sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhijānātha:||
sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhiññāya abhiññāya viharathā' ti.|| ||

Idha no āvuso ko viseso,||
ko adhippāyo,||
kiɱ nānā-karaṇaɱ samaṇassa vā Gotamassa amhākaɱ vā yad idaɱ [49] Dhamma-desanāya vā Dhamma-desanaɱ,||
anusāsaniyā vā anusāsanin" ti?|| ||

3. Atha kho te bhikkhu tesaɱ añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ n'eva abhinandiɱsu na paṭikkosiɱsu,||
anabhinan'ditvā a-p-paṭikkositvā uṭṭhāy āsanā pakkamiɱsu:|| ||

"Bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaɱ ājānissāmā" ti.|| ||

Atha kho te bhikkhu Sāvatthiyaɱ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchā hattaɱ piṇḍa-pāta paṭikakkantā yena Bhagavā ten'upasankamiɱsu.|| ||

Upasaɱkamitvā Bhagavantaɱ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdiɱsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinnā kho te bhikkhu Bhagavantaɱ etad avocuɱ:|| ||

"Idha mayaɱ bhante, pubbaṇha-samayaɱ nivāsetvā patta cīvaramādāya Sāvatthiyaɱ piṇḍāya pavisimha.|| ||

Tesaɱ no bhante, amhākaɱ etad ahosi:|| ||

'Atippago kho tāva Sāvatthiyaɱ piṇḍāya carituɱ,||
yan nūna mayaɱ yena añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ ārāmo ten'upasankameyyāmā' ti.|| ||

Atha kho mayaɱ bhante yena añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ ārāmo, ten'upasankamimha.|| ||

Upasaɱkamitvā tehi añña-titthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiɱ sammodimha.|| ||

Sammodanīyaɱ kathaɱ sārāṇīyaɱ vīti-sāretvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdimha.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho bhante añña-titthiyā paribbājakā amhe etad avocuɱ:

'Samaṇo āvuso Gotamo sāvakānaɱ evaɱ dhammaɱ deseti:|| ||

"Etha tumhe bhikkhave sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhijānātha, sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhiññāya abhiññāya viharathā" ti.|| ||

Mayam pi kho āvuso sāvakānaɱ evaɱ dhammaɱ desema:|| ||

"Etha tumhe āvuso sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhijānātha, sabbaɱ dhammaɱ abhiññāya abhiññāya viharathā" ti.|| ||

Idha no āvuso ko viseso,||
ko adhippāyo kiɱnānā karaṇaɱ,||
samaṇassa vā Gotamassa amhākaɱ vā yad idaɱ Dhamma-desanāya vā Dhamma-desanaɱ anusāsaniyā vā anusāsanin' ti.|| ||

Atha [50] kho mayaɱ bhante kesaɱ añña-titthiyānaɱ paribbājakānaɱ bhāsitaɱ n'eva abhinandimha,||
na paṭikkosimha.|| ||

Anabhinan'ditvā apaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāy āsanā pakkamimha.|| ||

"Bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaɱ ājānissāmā" ti' ti.|| ||

 

§

 

5. "Evaɱ vādino bhikkhave añña-titthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā:|| ||

'Eko āvuso pañho,||
eko uddeso,||
ekaɱ veyyā-karaṇaɱ;||

dve pañhā,||
dve uddesā,||
dve veyyā-karaṇāni;||

tayo pañhā,||
tayo uddesā||
tīṇi veyyā-karaṇāni;||

cattāro pañhā,||
cattāro uddesā,||
cattāri veyyā-karaṇāni;||

pañca pañhā,||
pañc'uddessā,||
pañca veyyā-karaṇāni;||

cha pañhā,||
cha uddesā,||
cha veyyā-karaṇāni;||

satta pañhā,||
satta uddesā,||
satta veyyā-karaṇāni;||

aṭṭha pañhā,||
aṭṭha uddesā,||
aṭṭha veyyā-karaṇāni;||

nava pañhā,||
nava uddesā,||
nava veyyā-karaṇāni;||

dasa pañhā,||
dasuddesā,||
dasa veyyā-karaṇānī' ti.|| ||

Evaɱ puṭṭho bhikkhave añña-titthiyā paribbājakā na c'eva sampāyissanti,||
uttariñca vighātaɱ āpajji-s-santi.|| ||

Taɱ kissa hetu?|| ||

Yathā taɱ bhikkhave avisayasmiɱ.|| ||

 

§

 

Nāhantaɱ bhikkhave passāmi||
sa-devake loke||
sa-Mārake||
sa-brahmake||
sa-s-samaṇa brāhmaṇiyā||
pajāya sadeva manussāya,||
yo imesaɱ pañhānaɱ veyyā-karaṇena cittaɱ ārādheyya,||
aññatra Tathāgatena vā||
Tathāgata-sāvakena vā,||
ito vā pana sutvā.|| ||

 

§

 

'Eko pañho,||
eko uddeso,||
ekaɱ veyyā-karaṇan' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Eka-dhamme bhikkhave bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamasmiɱ eka dhamme?|| ||

Sabbe sattā āhāraṭṭhitikā.|| ||

[51] Imasmiɱ kho bhikkhave eka-dhamme bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Eko pañho,||
eko uddeso,||
ekaɱ veyyā-karaṇan' ti||
iti vuttaɱ,||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Dve pañhā,||
dve uddesā,||
dve veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Dvīsu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu sammā nibbindamāno sammā virajjamāno sammāvimuccamāno sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu dvīsu?|| ||

Nāme ca rūpe ca.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave dvīsu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Dve pañhā,||
dve uddesā,||
dve veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Tayo pañhā,||
tayo uddesā,||
tayo veyyā-karaṇānī'ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Tīsu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca1||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu tīsu?|| ||

Tīsu vedanāsu.|| ||

Imesu kho Bhikkhave tīsu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Tayo pañhā,||
tayo uddesā,||
tīṇi veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Cattāro pañhā,||
cattāro uddesā,||
cattāri veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

[52] Catūsu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammāvirajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭh'eva Dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu catūsu?|| ||

Catūsu āhāresu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave catūsu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Cattāro pañhā,||
cattāro uddesā,||
cattāri veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Pañca pañhā,||
pañc'uddessā,||
pañca veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Pañcasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu pañcasu?|| ||

Pañcasu upādāna-k-khandhesu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave pañcasu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Pañca pañhā,||
pañc'uddessā||
pañcaveyyā-karaṇānī'ti||
iti yan taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Cha pañhā,||
cha uddesā||
cha veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Chasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti|| ||

Katamesu chasu?|| ||

Chasu ajjhattikesu āyatanesu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave chasu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno sammā||
sammā virujjamāno||
sammā vimaccamāne||
sammā puriyantadasusāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dakkhassantakaro hoti.|| ||

[53] 'Cha pañhā,||
cha uddesā||
cha veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yan taɱ vattaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Satta pañhā||
satta uddesā||
satta veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Sattasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
samamā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu sattasu?|| ||

Sattasu viññāṇa-ṭ-ṭhitisu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave sattasu dhammesu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Sattapañhā,||
satta uddesā,||
satta veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Aṭṭha pañhā||
aṭṭhuddesā,||
aṭṭha veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Aṭṭhasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
samamā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu aṭṭhasu?|| ||

Aṭṭhasu loka-dhammesu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave aṭṭhasu dhammesu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Aṭṭha pañhā,||
aṭṭha pañhā||
aṭṭhuddesā aṭṭha veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Nava pañhā||
nava uddesā,||
nava veyyā-karaṇānī'ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Navasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu navasu?|| ||

Navasu sattāvāsesu.|| ||

[54] Imesu kho bhikkhave navasu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammāvimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Nava pañhā,||
nava uddesā||
nava veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
yan taɱ vuttaɱ,||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

'Dasa pañhā,||
dasuddesā,||
dasa veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ,||
kiñ c'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ?|| ||

Dasasu bhikkhave dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

Katamesu dasasu?|| ||

Dasasu akusalesu dhammesu.|| ||

Imesu kho bhikkhave dasasu dhammesu bhikkhu||
sammā nibbindamāno||
sammā virajjamāno||
sammā vimuccamāno||
sammā pari-yanta-dassāvī||
samm'atth-ā-bhi-sam-ecca||
diṭṭhe'va dhamme dukkhass'antakaro hoti.|| ||

'Dasa pañhā,||
dasuddesā,||
dasa veyyā-karaṇānī' ti||
iti yan taɱ vuttaɱ||
idam etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

 


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