Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
I. Mūlapaṇṇāsa
4. Mahā Yamaka Vagga

Sutta 38

Mahā Taṇhā Sankhaya Sutta

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


 

[1][pts][ntbb][than][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.|| ||

2. Tena kho pana samayena Sātissa nāma bhikkhuno kevaṭṭa-puttassa eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ hoti:|| ||

"Tathā'haɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti.|| ||

3. Assosuɱ kho sambahulā bhikkhū:|| ||

"Sātissa kira nāma bhikkhuno kevaṭṭa-puttassa eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

"Tathā'haɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti.|| ||

Atha kho te bhikkhū yena Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto ten'upasankamiɱsu.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etad avocuɱ:|| ||

Saccaɱ kira te āvuso Sāti eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

"Tathā'haɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ byā kho ahaɱ āvuso Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ajānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati, anaññan" ti.|| ||

Atha kho te bhikkhū Sātiɱ bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etasmā pāpakā diṭṭhigatā vivecetukāmā||
samanuyuñjanti||
samanugāhanti||
samanubhāsanti:|| ||

Mā evaɱ āvuso Sāti avaca,||
mā Bhagavantaɱ abbh'ācikkhi||
na hi sādhu Bhagavato abbha-k-khānaɱ,||
na hi Bhagavā evaɱ vadeyya.|| ||

Anekapariyāyena h'āvuso Sāti paṭicca-samuppannaɱ viññāṇaɱ [257] vuttaɱ Bhagavatā:||
aññatra paccayā n'atthi viññāṇassa sambhavo" ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto tehi bhikkhūhi samanuyuñjiyamāno||
samanugāhiyamāno||
samanubhāsiyamāno||
tad eva pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ thāmasā parāmassa abhinivissa voharati.|| ||

4. "Evaɱ byā kho ahaɱ āvuso Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti.|| ||

Yato kho te bhikkhū nāsakkhiɱsu Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etasmā pāpakā diṭṭhigatā vivecetuɱ,||
atha yena Bhagavā ten'upasankamiɱsu.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavantaɱ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdiɱsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū Bhagavantaɱ etad avocuɱ:|| ||

"Sātissa nāma bhante bhikkhuno kevaṭṭa-puttassa eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

'Tath'āhaɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan' ti.|| ||

Assumha kho mayaɱ bhante:|| ||

'Sātissa kira nāma bhikkhuno kevaṭṭa-puttassa eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

'Tath'āhaɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan' ti.|| ||

Atha kho mayaɱ bhante yena Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto ten'upasankamimha.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etad avocumha:|| ||

'Saccaɱ kira te āvuso Sāti eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

"Tath'āhaɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti'?|| ||

Evaɱ vutte bhante Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto amhe etad avoca:|| ||

'Evaɱ byā kho ahaɱ āvuso Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan' ti.|| ||

Atha kho mayaɱ bhante Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etasmā pāpakā diṭṭhigatā vivecetukāmā||
samanuyuñjimha||
samanugāhimha||
samanubhāsimha:|| ||

'Mā evaɱ āvuso Sāti avaca,||
mā Bhagavantaɱ abbh'ācikkhi,||
na hi sādhu Bhagavato abbha-k-khānaɱ,||
na hi Bhagavā evaɱ vadeyya.|| ||

Anekapariyāyena h'āvuso Sāti paṭicca-samuppannaɱ viññāṇaɱ vuttaɱ Bhagavatā,||
aññatra paccayā n'atthi viññāṇassa sambhavo' ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho bhante Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto amhehi||
samanuyuñjiyamāno||
samanugāhiyamāno||
samanubhāsiyamāno||
tad eva pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ thāmasā parāmassa abhinivissa voharati:|| ||

'Evaɱ byā kho ahaɱ āvuso Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan' ti.|| ||

Yato kho mayaɱ bhante nāsakkhimha Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etasmā pāpakā diṭṭhigatā vivecetuɱ,||
atha mayaɱ etam atthaɱ Bhagavato ārocemā" ti.|| ||

5. Atha kho Bhagavā aññataraɱ bhikkhuɱ āmantesi:|| ||

"Ehi [258] tvaɱ bhikkhu mama vacanena Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ āmantesi:|| ||

'Satthā taɱ āvuso Sāti āmantetī' ti".|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante" ti kho so bhikkhu Bhagavato paṭissutvā yena Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto ten'upasankami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

"'Satthā taɱ āvuso Sāti āmante' ti" ti.|| ||

"Evam āvuso" ti kho Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto tassa bhikkhuno paṭissutvā yena Bhagavā ten'upasankami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavantaɱ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinnaɱ kho Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Saccaɱ kira te sāti eva-rūpaɱ pāpakaɱ diṭṭhi-gataɱ uppannaɱ:|| ||

'Tath'āhaɱ Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ajānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan' ti.|| ||

"Evaɱ byā kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāmi yathā tad-ev'idaɱ viññāṇaɱ sandhāvati saɱsarati,||
anaññan" ti.|| ||

"Katamaɱ taɱ sāti viññāṇan" ti?|| ||

"Yvāyaɱ bhante vado vedeyyo tatra tatra kalyāṇa-pāpakānaɱ kammānaɱ vipākaɱ paṭisaŋvedetī" ti.|| ||

"Kassa nu kho nāma tvaɱ mogha-purisa mayā evaɱ dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānāsi?|| ||

Nanu mayā mogha-purisa aneka-pariyāyena paṭicca-samuppannaɱ viññāṇaɱ vuttaɱ:||
aññatra paccayā n'atthi viññāṇassa sambhavo ti.|| ||

Atha ca pana tvaɱ mogha-purisa attanā duggahītena amhe c'eva abbh'ācikkhasi,||
attānañ ca khaṇasi,||
khahuñ ca apuññaɱ pasavasi.|| ||

Taɱ hi te mogha-purisa bhavissati dīgha-rattaɱ ahitāya dukkhāyā" ti.|| ||

6. Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Taɱ kiɱ maññatha bhikkhave?|| ||

Api nayaɱ Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto usmīkato pi imasmiɱ Dhamma-Vinaye" ti?|| ||

"Kiɱ hi siyā bhante,||
no h'etaɱ bhante" ti.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto||
tuṇhī-bhūto||
maŋku-bhūto||
patta-k-khandho||
adhomukho||
pajjhāyanto appaṭibhāno nisīdi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ tuṇhī-bhūtaɱ||
maŋku-bhūtaɱ||
patta-k-khandhaɱ||
adhomukhaɱ||
pajjhāyan taɱ appaṭibhānaɱ||
viditvā Sātiɱ bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

"Paññāyissasi kho tvaɱ mogha-purisa etena sakena pāpakena diṭṭhigatena,||
idhāhaɱ bhikkhū paṭipucchissāmi" ti.|| ||

7. Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Tumhe pi me bhikkhave evaɱ dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānātha yathā'yaɱ Sāti bhikkhu ke- [259] vaṭṭa-puttā attanā duggahītena amhe c'eva abbh'ācikkhati,||
attānañ ca khaṇati,||
bahuñ ca apuññaɱ pasavatī" ti.|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante, aneka-pariyāyena hi no bhante paṭicca-samuppannaɱ viññāṇaɱ vuttaɱ Bhagavatā,||
aññatra paccayā n'atthi viññāṇassa sambhavo" ti.|| ||

"Sādhu bhikkhave,||
sādhu kho me tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājānātha.|| ||

Aneka-pariyāyena hi vo bhikkhave paṭicca-samuppannaɱ viññāṇaɱ vuttaɱ mayā,||
aññatra paccayā n'atthi viññāṇassa sambhavo ti.|| ||

Atha ca panāyaɱ Sāti bhikkhu kevaṭṭa-putto attanā duggahītena amhe c'eva abbh'ācikkhati,||
attānañ ca khaṇati,||
bahuñ ca apuññaɱ pasavati.|| ||

Taɱ hi tassa mogha-purisassa bhavissati dīgha-rattaɱ ahitāya dukkhāya.|| ||

8. Yañ'ñad-eva bhikkhave paccayaɱ paṭicca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ tena ten'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati:|| ||

Cakkhuñ ca paṭicca rūpe ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ,||
cakkhu-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Sotañ ca paṭicca sadde ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, sota-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Ghānañ ca paṭicca gandhe ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, ghāna-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati,|| ||

Jivhañ ca paṭicca rase ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, jivhā-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kāyañ ca paṭicca phoṭṭhabbe ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, kāya-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Manañ ca paṭicca dhamme ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, mano-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi, bhikkhave, yañ'ñad-evā paccayaɱ paṭicca aggi jalati,||
tena ten'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati:|| ||

Kaṭṭhañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
kaṭṭh'aggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Sakalikañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
sakalikaggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Tiṇañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
tiṇggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Gomayañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
gomayaggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Thusañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
thusaggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Saŋkārañ ca paṭicca aggi jalati,||
saŋkāraggi t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Evam eva kho bhikkhave yañ'ñad-eva paccayaɱ paṭicca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ tena ten'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati:||
cakkhuñ ca paṭicca rūpe ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ,||
cakkhu-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Sotañ ca paṭicca sadde ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ, sota-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Ghānañ ca paṭicca gandhe ca uppajjati [260] viññāṇaɱ,||
ghāna-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Jivhañ ca paṭicca rase ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ,||
jivhā-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Kāyañ ca paṭicca phoṭṭhabbe ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ,||
kāya-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

Manañ ca paṭicca dhamme ca uppajjati viññāṇaɱ,||
mano-viññāṇan-t'eva saŋkhaɱ gacchati.|| ||

9. Bhūtam idan ti bhikkhave passathā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-sambhavan' ti bhikkhave passathā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-nirodhā yaɱ bhūtaɱ taɱ nirodha-dhamman' ti bhikkhave passathā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

10. "'Bhūtam idaɱ nossū' ti bhikkhave kaŋkhāto uppajjati vicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-sambhavaɱ nossū' ti bhikkhave kaŋkhāto uppajjati vicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-nirodhā yaɱ bhūtaɱ taɱ nirodha-dhammaɱ nossū' ti bhikkhave kaŋkhāto uppajjati vicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

11. "'Bhūtam idan' ti bhikkhave yathā-bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya passato yā vicikicchā sā pahīyatī" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-sambhavan' ti bhikkhave yathā bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya passato yā vicikicchā sā pahīyatī" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-nirodhā yaɱ bhūtaɱ taɱ nirodha-dhamman' ti bhikkhave yathā-bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya passato yā vicikicchā sā pahīyatī" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

12. "'Bhūtamidan' ti bhikkhave iti pi vo ettha nibbicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-sambhavan' ti bhikkhave iti pi vo ettha nibbicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-nirodhā yaɱ bhūtaɱ taɱ nirodha-dhamman' ti bhikkhave iti pi vo ettha nibbicikicchā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

13. "'Bhūtamidn' ti bhikkhave yathā-bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya su-diṭṭhan" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-sambhavanti bhikkhave yathā bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya su-diṭṭhan" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

"'Tad'āhāra-nirodhā yaɱ bhūtaɱ taɱ nirodha-dhamman' ti bhikkhave yathā-bhūtaɱ sammappaññāya su-diṭṭhan" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

14. "Imañ ce tumhe bhikkhave diṭṭhiɱ evaɱ parisuddhaɱ evaɱ pariyodātaɱ allīyetha kelāyetha||
dhanāyetha||
mamāyetha,||
api nu tumhe bhikkhave kullūpamaɱ dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājāneyyātha nitthara-ṇatthāya no gahaṇatthāyā" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

Imañ ce tumhe bhikkhave diṭṭhiɱ evaɱ parisuddhaɱ evaɱ pariyo- [261] dātaɱ na allīyetha||
na kelāyetha||
na dhanāyetha||
na mamāyetha,||
api nu tumhe bhikkhave kullūpamaɱ dhammaɱ desitaɱ ājāneyyātha nittharaṇatthāya no gahaṇatthāyā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

15. Cattāro'me bhikkhave āhārā bhūtānaɱ vā sattānaɱ ṭhitiyā sambhavesīnaɱ vā anuggahāya.|| ||

Katame cattāro?|| ||

Kabaliŋkāro āhāro oḷāriko vā sukhumo vā,||
phasso dutiyo,||
manosañcetanā tatiyā,||
viññāṇaɱ catutthaɱ.|| ||

16. Ime ca bhikkhave cattāro āhārā||
kiɱ-nidānā||
kiɱ-samudayā||
kiɱ-jātikā||
kiɱ-pabhavā?|| ||

Ime cattāro āhārā||
taṇhā-nidānā||
taṇhā-samudayā||
taṇhā-jātikā||
taṇhā-pabhavā.|| ||

Taṇhā cāyaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānā||
kiɱ-samudayā||
kiɱ-jātikā||
kiɱ-pabhavā?|| ||

Taṇhā vedanā-nidānā||
vedanā-samudayā||
vedanā-jātikā||
vedanā-pabhavā.|| ||

Vedanā cāyaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānā||
kiɱ-samudayā||
kiɱ-jātikā||
kiɱ-pabhavā?|| ||

Vedanā phassa-nidānā||
phassa-samudayā||
phassa-jātikā||
phassa-pabhavā.|| ||

Phasso cāyaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidāno||
kiɱ-samudayo||
kiɱ-jātiko||
kiɱ-pabhavo?|| ||

Phasso saḷāyata-nanidāno||
saḷāyatana-samudayo||
saḷāyatana-jātiko||
saḷāyatanappabhavo.|| ||

Saḷāyatanañ c'idaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānaɱ||
kiɱ-samudayaɱ||
kiɱ-jātikaɱ||
kiɱ-pabhavaɱ?|| ||

Saḷāyatanaɱ nāma-rūpa-nidānaɱ||
nāma-rūpa-samudayaɱ||
nāma-rūpa-jātikaɱ||
nāma-rūpappabhavaɱ.|| ||

Nāma-rūpañ c'idaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānaɱ||
kiɱ-samudayaɱ||
kiɱ-jātikaɱ||
kiɱ-pabhavaɱ?|| ||

Nāma-rūpaɱ viññāṇa-nidānaɱ||
viññāṇa-samudayaɱ||
viññāṇa-jātikaɱ||
viññāṇappabhavaɱ.|| ||

Viññāṇañ c'idaɱ bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānaɱ||
kiɱ-samudayaɱ||
kiɱ-jātikaɱ||
kiɱ-pabhavaɱ?|| ||

Viññāṇaɱ sankhāra-nidānaɱ||
sankhāra-samudayaɱ||
sankhāra-jātikaɱ||
sankhārappabhavaɱ.|| ||

Sankhārā c'ime bhikkhave||
kiɱ-nidānā||
kiɱ-samudayā||
kiɱ-jātikā||
kiɱ-pabhavā?|| ||

Sankhārā avijjā-nidānā||
avijjā-samudayā||
avijjā-jātikā||
avijjā-pabhavā.|| ||

17. Iti kho bhikkhave avijjā-paccayā sankhārā,||
sankhāra-paccayā viññāṇaɱ,||
viññāṇa-paccayā nāma-rūpaɱ,||
nāma-rūpa-paccayā saḷāyatanaɱ||
saḷāyatana-paccayā phasso,||
phassa-paccayā vedanā,||
vedanā-paccayā taṇhā,||
taṇhā-paccayā upādānaɱ,||
upādāna-paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti.|| ||

18. 'Jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇan' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Jāti-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave jarā-maraṇaɱ no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Jāti-paccayā bhante jarā-maraṇaɱ,||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇan" ti.|| ||

"'Bhava- paccayā jātī' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Bhava-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave jāti no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Bhava-paccayā bhante jāti||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
bhava-paccayā jātī" ti.|| ||

"'Upādānapaccayā bhavo' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Upādāna-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave bhavo no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Upādāna-paccayā bhante bhavo,||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
upādāna-paccayā bhavo" ti.|| ||

"'Taṇhā-paccayā upādānan' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Taṇhā-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave upādānaɱ no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Taṇhā-paccayā bhante upādānaɱ||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
taṇhā-paccayā upādānan" ti.|| ||

"'Vedanā-paccayā taṇhā' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Vedanā-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave taṇhā no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Vedanā-paccayā bhante taṇhā||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
vedanā-paccayā taṇhā" ti.|| ||

"'Phassa-paccayā vedanā' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Phassa-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave vedanā no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Phassa-paccayā bhante vedanā||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
phassa-paccayā vedanā" ti.|| ||

"'Saḷāyatana-paccayā phasso' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Saḷāyatana-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave phasso no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Saḷāyatana-paccayā bhante phasso||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
saḷāyatana-paccayā phasso" ti.|| ||

"'Nāma-rūpa-paccayā saḷāyatanan' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Nāma-rūpa-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave saḷāyatanaɱ no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Nāma-rūpa-paccayā bhante saḷāyatanaɱ||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
nāma-rūpa-paccayā saḷāyatanan" ti.|| ||

"'Viññāṇa-paccayā nāma-rūpan' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Viññāṇa-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave nāma-rūpaɱ no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Viññāṇa-paccayā bhante nāma-rūpaɱ||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
viññāṇapaccayā nāma-rūpan" ti.|| ||

"'Sankhāra-paccayā viññāṇan'ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Sankhāra-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave viññāṇaɱ no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Sankhārapaccayā bhante viññāṇaɱ,||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
sankhāra-paccayā viññāṇan" ti.|| ||

"'Avijjā-paccayā sankhārā' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Avijjā-paccayā nu kho bhikkhave sankhārā no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Avijjā-paccayā bhante sankhārā||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
avijjā-paccayā sankhārā" ti.|| ||

19. "Sādhu bhikkhave.|| ||

Iti kho bhikkhave tumhe pi evaɱ vadetha.|| ||

Aham pi evaɱ vadāmi:|| ||

Iti imasmiɱ sati idaɱ hoti,||
[263] imass'uppādā idaɱ uppajjati -||
yad idaɱ avijjā-paccayā sankhārā,||
sankhāra-paccayā viññāṇaɱ,||
viññāṇa-paccayā nāma-rūpaɱ,||
nāma-rūpa-paccayā saḷāyatanaɱ,||
saḷāyatana-paccayā phasso,||
phassa-paccayā vedanā,||
vedanā-paccayā taṇhā,||
taṇhā-paccayā upādānaɱ,||
upādāna-paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti.|| ||

20. Avijjāya tv'eva asesavirāga-nirodhā sankhāra-nirodho,||
sankhāra-nirodhā viññāṇa-nirodho,||
viññāṇa-nirodhā nāma-rūpa-nirodho,||
nāma-rūpa-nirodhā saḷāyatana-nirodho,||
saḷāyatana-nirodhā phassa-nirodho,||
phassa-nirodhā vedanā-nirodho,||
vedanā-nirodhā taṇhā-nirodho,||
taṇhā-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

21. 'Jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇa-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Jāti-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave jarā-maraṇa-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

Jāti-nirodhā bhante jarā-maraṇa-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇa-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Bhava-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave jāti-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Bhava-nirodhā bhante jāti-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Upādāna-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave bhava-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Upādāna-nirodhā bhante bhava-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Taṇhā-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Taṇhā-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave upādāna-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Taṇhā-nirodhā bhante upādāna-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
taṇhā-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Vedanā-nirodhā taṇhā-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Vedanā-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave taṇhā-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Vedanā-nirodhā bhante taṇhā-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
vedanā-nirodhā taṇhā-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Phassa-nirodhā vedanā-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Phassa- [264] nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave vedanā-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Phassa-nirodhā bhante vedanā-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
phassa-nirodhā vedanā-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Saḷāyatana-nirodhā phassa-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Saḷāyatana-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave phassa-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Saḷāyatana-nirodhā bhante phassa-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
saḷāyata-nanirodhā phassa-nirodhoti.|| ||

"'Nāma-rūpa-nirodhā saḷāyatana-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Nāma-rūpa-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave saḷāyatana-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Nāma-rūpa-nirodhā bhante saḷāyatana-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
nāma-rūpa-nirodhā saḷāyatana-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Viññāṇa-nirodhā nāma-rūpa-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Viññāṇa-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave nāma-rūpa-nirodho no vā, kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Viññāṇa-nirodhā bhante nāma-rūpa-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
viññāṇa-nirodhā nāma-rūpa-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Sankhāra-nirodhā viññāṇa-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Sankhāra-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave viññāṇa-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Sankhāra-nirodhā bhante viññāṇa-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
sankhāra-nirodhā viññāṇa-nirodho" ti.|| ||

"'Avijjā-nirodhā sankhāra-nirodho' ti||
iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ.|| ||

Avijjā-nirodhā nu kho bhikkhave sankhāra-nirodho no vā,||
kathaɱ vo ettha hotī" ti?|| ||

"Avijjā-nirodhā bhante sankhāra-nirodho||
evaɱ no ettha hoti:||
avijjā-nirodhā sankhāra-nirodho" ti.|| ||

22. "Sādhu bhikkhave.|| ||

Iti kho bhikkhave tumhe pi evaɱ vadetha||
aham pi evaɱ vadāmi:|| ||

Imasmiɱ asati idaɱ na hoti,||
imassa nirodhā idaɱ nirujjhati -||
yad idaɱ avijjā-nirodhā sankhāra-nirodho,||
sankhāra-nirodhā viññāṇa-nirodho,||
viññāṇa-nirodhā nāma-rūpa-nirodho,||
nāma-rūpa-nirodhā saḷāyatana-nirodho,||
saḷāyatana-nirodhā phassa-nirodho,||
phassa-nirodhā vedanā-nirodho,||
vedanā-nirodhā taṇhā-nirodho,||
taṇhā-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

23. Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā evaɱ passantā [265] pubbantaɱ vā paṭidhāveyyātha:||
ahosimha nu kho mayaɱ atītam-addhānaɱ,||
na nu kho ahesimha atītam addhānaɱ,||
kin nu kho ahesimha atītam addhānaɱ,||
kathan nu kho ahesimha atītam addhānaɱ,||
kiɱ hutvā||
kiɱ ahesimha nu kho mayaɱ atītam addhānan" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
aparantaɱ vā ādhāveyyātha:|| ||

Bhavissāma nu kho mayaɱ anāgatam-addhānaɱ,||
na nu kho bhavissāma anāgatam-addhānaɱ,||
kin nu kho bhavissāma anāgatam-addhānaɱ,||
kathan nu kho bhavissāma anāgatam-addhānaɱ,||
kiɱ hutvā kiɱ bhavissāma nu kho mayaɱ anāgatam-addhānan" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
etarahi vā paccuppannaɱ addhānaɱ ajjhattaɱ kathaŋkathī assatha:||
ahannukhosmi,||
no nu khosmi,||
kin nu khosmi,||
kathan nu khosmi,||
ayan nu kho satto kuto āgato,||
so kuhiŋgāmī bhavissatī" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

24. "Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
evaɱ vadeyyātha:||
Satthā no garu,||
Satthu-gāravena ca mayaɱ||
evaɱ vademā" ti.|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
evaɱ vadeyyātha:||
samaṇo no evam āha,||
samaṇa-vacanena ca mayaɱ||
evaɱ vademā" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
aññaɱ Satthāraɱ uddiseyyāthā" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Api nu tumhe bhikkhave evaɱ jānantā||
evaɱ passantā||
yāni tāni puthusamaṇa-brāhmaṇānaɱ vatakotuhala-maŋgalāni,||
tāni sārato paccāgaccheyyāthā" ti?|| ||

"No h'etaɱ bhante."|| ||

"Nanu bhikkhave yad-eva tumhākaɱ||
sāmaɱ ñātaɱ||
sāmaɱ diṭṭhaɱ||
sāmaɱ viditaɱ||
tad eva tumhe vadethā" ti?|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante."|| ||

25. Sādhu bhikkhave.|| ||

Upanītā kho me tumhe bhikkhave iminā sandiṭṭhikena dhammena akālikena||
ehi-passikena||
opanayikena||
paccattaɱ||
veditabbena viññūhi.|| ||

Sandiṭṭhiko ayaɱ bhikkhave dhammo akāliko||
ehi-passiko||
opanayiko||
paccattaɱ||
veditabbo viññūhīti.|| ||

Iti yan taɱ vuttaɱ,||
idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

26. Tiṇṇaɱ kho pana bhikkhave sannipātā gabbhassāvakkanti hoti:|| ||

Idha mātā-pitaro sanni-patitā honti,||
mātā ca na utunī hoti,||
gandhabbo ca na pacc'upaṭṭhito hoti,||
n'eva tāva gab- [266] bhassāvakkanti hoti.|| ||

Idha mātā-pitaro ca sanni-patitā honti,||
mātā ca utunī hoti,||
gandhabbo ca na pacc'upaṭṭhito hoti,||
n'eva tāva gabbhassāvakkanti hoti.|| ||

Yato ca kho bhikkhave mātā-pitaro sanni-patitā honti,||
mātā ca utunī hoti,||
gandhabbo ca pacc'upaṭṭhito hoti,||
evaɱ tiṇṇaɱ sannipātā gabbhassāvakkanti hoti.|| ||

27. Tam enaɱ bhikkhave mātā nava vā dasa vā māse gabbhaɱ kucchinā pariharati mahatā saɱsayena garum-bhāraɱ.|| ||

Tam enaɱ bhikkhave mātā navannaɱ vā dasannaɱ vā māsānaɱ accayena vijāyati mahatā saɱsayena garum-bhāraɱ.|| ||

Tam enaɱ jātaɱ samānaɱ sakena lohitena poseti.|| ||

Lohitaɱ h'etaɱ bhikkhave ariyassa vinaye yad idaɱ mātuthaññaɱ.|| ||

28. Sa kho so bhikkhave kumāro vuddhim-anvāya indriyānaɱ paripākam-anvāya yāni tāni kumārakānaɱ kīḷāpanakāni tehi kīḷati:||
seyyath'īdaɱ -||
vaŋkakaɱ||
ghaṭikaɱ||
mokkha-cikaɱ||
ciŋgulakaɱ||
pattāḷhakaɱ||
rathakaɱ||
dhanukaɱ.|| ||

29. Sa kho so bhikkhave kumāro vuddhim-anvāya indriyānaɱ paripākam-anvāya||
pañcahi kāma-guṇehi samappito samaŋgi-bhūto parivāreti:||
cakkhu-viññeyyehi rūpehi||
iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kām'ūpasaɱhitehi rajanīyehi,|| ||

sota-viññeyyehi saddehi||
iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kām'ūpasaɱhitehi rajanīyehi,|| ||

ghāna-viññeyyehi gandhehi||
iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kām'ūpasaɱhitehi rajanīyehi,|| ||

jivhā-viññeyyehi rasehi||
iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kām'ūpasaɱhitehi rajanīyehi,|| ||

kāya-viññeyyehi phoṭṭhabbehi||
iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kām'ūpasaɱhitehi rajanīyehi.|| ||

30. So cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā piyarūpe rūpe sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā piyarūpe sadde sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe sadde vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati, tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti.|| ||

Ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā piyarūpe gandhe sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe gandhe vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati,||
tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti. -|| ||

Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā piyarūpe rase sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rase vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati,||
tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti. -|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā piyarūpe phoṭṭhabbe sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe phoṭṭhabbe vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati,||
tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti. -|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya piyarūpe [267] dhamme sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe dhamme vyāpajjati.|| ||

Anupaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati paritta cetaso,||
tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodhaɱ samāpanno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandati abhivadati ajjhosāya tiṭṭhati,||
tassa taɱ vedanaɱ abhinandato abhivadato ajjhosāya tiṭṭhato uppajjati nandī||
yā vedanāsu nandī tad-upadānaɱ.|| ||

Tass'upādāna paccayā bhavo,||
bhava-paccayā jāti,||
jāti-paccayā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha-domanass'upāyāsā sambhavanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa samudayo hoti.|| ||

Idha bhikkhave Tathāgato loke uppajjati:||
arahaɱ||
Sammā-sambuddho||
vijjā-caraṇa-sampanno||
Sugato||
loka-vidū anuttaro||
purisa-damma-sārathī||
Satthā deva-manussānaɱ||
Buddho||
Bhagavā.|| ||

So imaɱ lokaɱ sa-devakaɱ sa-mārakaɱ sa-brahmakaɱ sa-s-samaṇa-brāhmaṇiɱ pajaɱ sa-deva-manussaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchi-katvā pavedeti.|| ||

So dhammaɱ deseti:|| ||

Ādi-kalyāṇaɱ||
majjhe-kalyāṇaɱ||
pariyo-sāna-kalyāṇaɱ||
sātthaɱ sabyañjanaɱ,||
kevala-paripuṇṇaɱ parisuddhaɱ brahma-cariyaɱ pakāseti.|| ||

Taɱ dhammaɱ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapati-putto vā aññatarasmiɱ vā kule paccājāto.|| ||

So taɱ dhammaɱ sutvā Tathāgate saddhaɱ paṭilabhati.|| ||

So tena saddhā-paṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisañcikkhati:|| ||

Sambādho gharāvāso rajo-patho,||
abbhokāso pabbajjā,||
na-y-idaɱ sukaraɱ agāraɱ ajjhāvasatā ekanta-paripuṇṇaɱ ekanta-parisuddaɱ saŋkhalikhitaɱ brahma-cariyaɱ carituɱ,||
yan nūnāhaɱ kesa-massuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajeyyanti.|| ||

So aparena samayena appaɱ vā bhoga-k-khandhaɱ pahāya mahantaɱ vā bhoga-k-khandhaɱ pahāya,||
appaɱ vā ñāti-parivaṭṭaɱ pahāya||
mahantaɱ vā ñāti-parivaṭṭaɱ pahāya||
kesa-massuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajati.|| ||

So evaɱ pabba-jito samāno bhikkhūnaɱ sikkhā-sājiva-samāpanno pāṇāti-pātaɱ pahāya||
pāṇāti-pātā paṭivirato hoti,||
nihita-daṇḍo nihita-sattho lajji dayā-panno sabba-pāṇa-bhūta-hitānukampī viharati.|| ||

Adinn'ādānaɱ pahāya||
adinn'ādānā [268] paṭivirato hoti,||
dinnādāyī dinna-pāṭikaŋkhī athenena suci-bhūtena attanā viharati.|| ||

Abrahma-cariyaɱ pahāya||
brahma-cārī hoti ārā-cārī,||
virato methunā gāma-dhammā.|| ||

Musā-vādaɱ pahāya||
musā-vādā paṭivirato hoti,||
sacca-vādī sacca-sandho theto paccayiko avisaɱvādako lokassa.|| ||

Pisunaɱ vācaɱ pahāya||
pisunāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti,||
ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaɱ bhedāya,||
amutra vā sutvā na imesaɱ akkhātā amūsaɱ bhedāya,||
iti bhinnānaɱ vā sandhātā sahitānaɱ vā anuppadātā,||
samagg'ārāmo samaggarato samagga-nandi samagga-karaṇiɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā hoti.|| ||

Pharusaɱ vācaɱ pahāya||
pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti,||
yā sā vācā neḷā kaṇṇa-sukhā pemanīyā hadayaŋgamā porī bahu-jana-kantā bahu-jana-manāpā,||
tathā-rūpaɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā hoti.|| ||

Sampha-p-palāpaɱ pahāya||
samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti,||
kāla-vādī bhūta-vādī attha-vādī dhamma-vādī vinaya-vādī,||
nidhānavatiɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā kālena sāpadesaɱ pariyanta-vatiɱ attha-saɱhitaɱ.|| ||

So bījagāma-bhūta-gāma-samārambhā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Eka-bhattiko hoti ratt'ūparato,||
virato vikāla-bhojanā.|| ||

Nacca-gīta-vādita-visūka-dassanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Mālā-gandha-vilepanadhāraṇa-maṇḍana-vibhūsana-ṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Uccā-sayana-mahā-sayanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Jātarūpa-rajatapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Āmakadhaññapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Āmakamaɱsapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Itthikumārikapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Dāsidāsapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Ajeḷakapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Hatthi-gavāssa-vaḷavāpaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Khettavatthupaṭiggahanā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Dūteyyapahīnagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Kaya-vikkayā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Tulākūṭa-kaɱsakuṭa-mānakūṭā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Ukkoṭana-vañcana-nikati-sāciyogā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Chedana-vadha-bandhana-viparāmosa-ālopa-sahasākārā paṭivirato hoti.

So santuṭṭho hoti kāya-parihārikena cīvarena,||
kucchi-parihārikena piṇḍa-pātena,||
so yena yen'eva pakkamati,||
samādāy'eva pakkamati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma pakkhi sakuṇo yena yen'eva ḍeti,||
sapattabhāro va ḍeti.|| ||

Evam evaɱ bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāya-parihārikena cīvarena,||
kucchi-parihārikena piṇḍa-pātena,||
yena yen'eva pakkamati,||
samādāy'eva pakkamati.|| ||

So iminā [269] ariyena sīla-k-khandhena samannāgato ajjhattaɱ anavajja-sukhaɱ paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

So cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇam-enaɱ cakkhu'ndriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati cakkhu'ndriyaɱ,||
cakkhu'ndriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.

So sotena saddaɱ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇamenaɱ sotendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati sotendriyaɱ,||
sotendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

So ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇamenaɱ ghānendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati ghānendriyaɱ,||
ghānendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.

So jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇamenaɱ jivhendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati jivhendriyaɱ,||
jivhendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.

So kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phūsitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇamenaɱ kāyendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati kāyendriyaɱ,||
kāyendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.

So manasā dhammaɱ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhi-karaṇamenaɱ manendriyaɱ asaŋvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā-dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvaraɱ paṭipajjati,||
rakkhati manendriyaɱ,||
manendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

So iminā ariyena indriya-saɱvarena samannāgato ajjhattaɱ abyāsekasukhaɱ paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
ālokite vilokite sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
sammiñjite pasārite sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
sanghāṭipatta-cīvaradhāraṇe sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
uccāra-passāvakamme sampajāna-kārī hoti,||
gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhī-bhāve sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

So iminā ca ariyena sīla-k-khandhena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena indriya-saɱvarena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena sati-sampajaññena samannāgato vivittaɱ senāsanaɱ bhajati,||
araññaɱ rukkha-mūlaɱ pabbataɱ kandaraɱ giri-guhaɱ susānaɱ vana-pattaɱ abbhokāsaɱ palālapuñjaɱ.|| ||

So pacchā-bhattaɱ piṇḍa-pāta-paṭikkanto nisīdati pallaŋkaɱ ābhujitvā,||
ujuɱ kāyaɱ panidhāya,||
parimukhaɱ satiɱ upaṭṭha-petvā.|| ||

So abhijjhaɱ loke pahāya||
vigat-ā-bhijjhena cetasā viharati,||
abhijjhāya cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Vyāpāda-padosaɱ pahāya||
avyāpanna-citto viharati,
sabba-pāṇa-bhūta-hitānukampī||
Vyāpāda-padosā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Thīna-middaɱ pahāya||
vigatatīnamiddo viharati,||
āloka-saññi sato sampajāno||
thīna-middā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Uddhacca-kukkuccaɱ pahāya||
anuddhato viharati,||
ajjhattaɱ vūpasanta-citto,||
uddhacca-kukkuccā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Vici-kicchaɱ pahāya||
tiṇṇa-vici-kiccho viharati,||
akathaŋkathi kusalesu dhammesu,||
vicikicchāya cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

[270] So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalī-karaṇe,||
vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi sa-vitakkaɱ sa-vicāraɱ viveka-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Idam pi vuccati bhikkhave,||
Tathāgatapadaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatanisevitaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatārañjitaɱ iti pi.|| ||

Na tv'eva tāva ariya-sāvako niṭṭhaɱ gacchati:|| ||

'Sammā-sambuddho Bhagavā,||
svākkhāto Bhagavatā dhammo,||
su-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho' ti.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ, bhikkhave,||
bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā||
ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ||
avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ||
samādhi-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Idam pi vuccati bhikkhave,||
Tathāgatapadaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatanisevitaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatārañjitaɱ iti pi.|| ||

Na tv'eva tāva ariya-sāvako niṭṭhaɱ gacchati:|| ||

'Sammā-sambuddho Bhagavā,||
svākkhāto Bhagavatā dhammo,||
su-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho' ti.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati||
sato ca sampajāno sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti||
yantaɱ ariyā ācikkhanti:|| ||

'Upekkhako satimā sukha-vihārī'|| ||

ti taɱ tatiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Idam pi vuccati bhikkhave,||
Tathāgatapadaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatanisevitaɱ iti pi,||
Tathāgatārañjitaɱ iti pi.|| ||

Na tv'eva tāva ariya-sāvako niṭṭhaɱ gacchati:|| ||

'Sammā-sambuddho Bhagavā,||
svākkhāto Bhagavatā dhammo,||
su-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saŋgho' ti.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā,||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ atthaŋ-gamā||
adukkha-ɱ-asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

40. So cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā piyarūpe rūpe na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā piyarūpe sadde na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

Ghānena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā piyarūpe gandhe na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā piyarūpe rase na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā piyarūpe phoṭṭhabbe na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya piyarūpe dhamme na sāra-j-jati,||
appiyarūpe rūpe na vyāpajjati,||
upaṭṭhitakāyasati ca viharati appamāṇacetaso.|| ||

Tañ ca ceto-vimuttiɱ paññā-vimuttiɱ yathā bhūtaɱ pajānāti yatth'assa te pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhanti.|| ||

So evaɱ anurodha-virodha-vippahīno yaɱ kiñci vedanaɱ vedeti||
sukhaɱ vā dukkhaɱ vā adukkha-m-asukhaɱ vā,||
so taɱ vedanaɱ nābhinandati nābhivadati nājjhosāya tiṭṭhati.|| ||

Tassa taɱ vedanaɱ anabhinandato anabhivadato anajjhosāya tiṭṭhato yā vedanāsu nandī sā nirujjhati,||
tassa nandi-nirodhā upādāna-nirodho,||
upādāna-nirodhā bhava-nirodho,||
bhava-nirodhā jāti-nirodho,||
jāti-nirodhā jarā-maraṇaɱ||
soka parideva dukkha domanass'upāyāsā nirujjhanti.|| ||

Evam etassa kevalassa dukkha-k-khandhassa nirodho hoti.|| ||

41. Imaɱ kho me tumhe bhikkhave saŋkhittena taṇhā-saŋkhaya-vimuttiɱ dhāretha,||
Sātiɱ pana [271] bhikkhuɱ kevaṭṭa-puttaɱ mahātaṇhājāla taṇhā saŋghāṭa paṭimukkanti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamanā te bhikkhū Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandunti.|| ||

Mahātaṇhāsaŋkhayasuttaɱ aṭṭhamaɱ


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