Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
I. Mūlapaṇṇāsa
5. Cūḷa Yamaka Vagga

Sutta 44

Cūḷa Vedalla Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


 

[1][wrrn][chlm][pts][than][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.|| ||

Atha kho Visākho upāsako yena Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī ten'upasankami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Dhammadinnaɱ bhikkhuniɱ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnaɱ bhikkhuniɱ etad avoca:|| ||

[2][than]. "Sakkāyo sakkāyo ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā" ti?|| ||

"Pañca kho ime āvuso Visākha upādāna-k-khandhā sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
rūp'ūpādāna-k-khandho||
vedan'ūpādāna-k-khandho||
saññ'ūpādāna-k-khandho||
sankhār'ūpādāna-k-khandho||
viññāṇ'ūpādāna-k-khandho.|| ||

Ime kho āvuso Visākha pañc'upādāna-k-khandhā sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā" ti.|| ||

"Sādhu ayye" ti kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā bhāsitaɱ abhinan'ditvā anumo-ditvā Dhammadinnaɱ bhikkhuniɱ uttariɱ pañhaɱ āpucchi:|| ||

[3][than]. "'Sakkāyasamudayo sakkāya-samudayo' ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāya-samudayo vutto Bhagavatā" ti?|| ||

"Yā'yaɱ āvuso Visākha taṇhā ponobhavikā nandirāgasahagatā tatra tatrābhinandinī.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
kāma-taṇhā||
bhava-taṇhā||
vibhava-taṇhā.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-samudayo vutto Bhagavatā" ti.|| ||

[4][than]. "'Sakkāyanirodho sakkāya-nirodho' ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāya-nirodho vutto Bhagavatā" ti?|| ||

"Yo kho āvuso Visākha tassā yeva taṇhāya asesa-virāga-nirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.|| ||

Ayaɱ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-nirodho vutto Bhagavatā" ti.|| ||

[5][than]. "'Sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī paṭipadā sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā' ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamā nu kho ayye sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā vuttā Bhagavatā" ti?|| ||

"Ayam eva kho āvuso Visākha Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā vuttā Bhagavatā.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā diṭṭhi||
sammā saŋkappo||
sammā vācā||
sammā kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā vāyāmo||
sammā sati||
sammā samādhi" ti.|| ||

[6][than] "Tañ'ñeva nu kho ayye upādānaɱ te pañc'upādāna-k-khandhā,||
udāhu aññatra pañcah'upādāna-k-khandhehi upādānan" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha tañ'ñeva upādānaɱ te pañc'upādāna-k-khandhā,||
[300] na pi aññatra pañcah'upādāna-k-khandhehi upādānaɱ.|| ||

Yo kho āvuso Visākha pañcas'upādāna-k-khandhesu chanda-rāgo,||
taɱ tattha upādānan" ti.|| ||

[7][than]. "Kathaɱ pan'ayye sakkāya-diṭṭhi hotī" ti?|| ||

"Idh'āvuso Visākha a-s-sutavā puthujjano ariyānaɱ adassāvī ariya-Dhammassa akovido ariya-Dhamme avinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ adassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa akovido sappurisa-Dhamme avinīto||
rūpaɱ attato samanupassati,||
rūpavantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
attani vā rūpaɱ,||
rūpasmiɱ vā attānaɱ;||
vedanaɱ attato samanupassati,||
vedanā-vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
attani vā vedanaɱ,||
vedanāya vā attānaɱ;||
saññaɱ attato samanupassati,||
saññā vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
attani vā saññaɱ,||
saññāya vā attānaɱ;||
sankhāre attato samanupassati,||
sankhāravantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
attani vā sankhāre,||
sankhāresu vā attānaɱ;||
viññāṇaɱ attato samanupassati,||
viññāṇa-vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
attani vā viññāṇaɱ,||
viññāṇasmiɱ vā attānaɱ.|| ||

Evaɱ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-diṭṭhi hotī" ti.|| ||

[8][than] "Kathaɱ pan'ayye sakkāya-diṭṭhi na hotī" ti?|| ||

"Idh'āvuso Visākha Sutavā ariya-sāvako ariyānaɱ dassāvī ariya-Dhammassa kovido ariya-Dhamme suvinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ dassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa kovido sappurisa-Dhamme suvinīto||
na rūpaɱ attato samanupassati,||
na rūpavantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
na attani vā rūpaɱ,||
na rūpasmiɱ vā attānaɱ;||
na vedanaɱ attato samanupassati,||
na vedanā-vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
na attani vā vedanaɱ,||
vedanāya vā attānaɱ;||
na saññaɱ attato samanupassati,||
na saññā vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
na attani vā saññaɱ,||
na saññāya vā attānaɱ;||
na sankhāre attato samanupassati,||
na sankhāravantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
na attani vā sankhāre,||
na sankhāresu vā attānaɱ;||
na viññāṇaɱ attato samanupassati,||
na viññāṇa-vantaɱ vā attānaɱ,||
na attani vā viññāṇaɱ,||
na viññāṇasmiɱ vā attānaɱ.|| ||

Evaɱ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-diṭṭhi na hotī" ti.|| ||

[9][than] "Katamo pan'ayye Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo" ti?|| ||

"Ayam'eva kho āvuso Visākha Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath'īdaɱ:||
sammā diṭṭhi||
sammā saŋkappo||
sammā vācā||
sammā kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā vāyāmo||
sammā sati||
sammā samādhī" ti.|| ||

[10][than]. "Ariyo pan'ayye aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo saŋkhato udāhu asaŋkhato" ti?|| ||

"Ariyo kho āvuso Visākha aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo [301] saŋkhato" ti.|| ||

[11][than]. "Ariyena nu kho ayye aṭṭhaŋgikena maggena tayo khandhā saŋgahītā,||
udāhu tīhi khandhehi Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo saŋgahīto" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha ariyena aṭṭhaŋgikena maggena tayo khandhā saŋgahītā.|| ||

Tīhi ca kho āvuso Visākha khandhehi Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo saŋgahīto:||
yā c'āvuso Visākha sammā-vācā,||
yo ca sammā-kammanto,||
yo ca sammā ājīvo,||
ime dhammā sīla-k-khandhe saŋgahītā.|| ||

Yo ca sammā-vāyāmo,||
yā ca sammā-sati,||
yo ca sammā-samādhi,||
ime dhammā samādhi-k-khandhe saŋgahītā.|| ||

Yā ca sammā-diṭṭhi,||
yo ca sammā-saŋkappo,||
ime dhammā paññā-k-khandhe saŋgahītā" ti.|| ||

[12][than]. "Katamo pan'ayye samādhi?|| ||

Katame samādhinimittā,
katame samādhiparikkhārā,
katamā samādhibhāvanā" ti?|| ||

"Yā kho āvuso Visākha cittassa ek'aggatā ayaɱ samādhi.|| ||

Cattāro sati-paṭṭhānā samādhinimittā.|| ||

Cattāro sammappadhānā samādhiparikkhārā.|| ||

Yā tesaɱ yeva dhammānaɱ āsevanā bhāvanā bahulī-kammaɱ,||
ayaɱ tattha samādhi bhāvanā" ti.|| ||

[13][than]. "Kati pan'ayye sankhāra" ti?|| |||| ||

"Tayo 'me āvuso Visākha sankhārā:
kāya-sankhāro||
vacī-sankhāro||
citta-sankhāro" ti.|| ||

[14][than]. "Katamo pan'ayye kāya-sankhāro,||
katamo vacī-sankhāro,||
katamo citta-sankhāro" ti?|| ||

"Assāsapassāsā kho āvuso Visākha kāya-sankhāro.|| ||

Vitakkavicārā vacī-sankhāro.|| ||

Saññā ca vedanā ca cittasankhāro" ti.|| ||

[15][than] "Kasmā pan'ayye assāsapassāsā kāya-sankhāro?|| ||

Kasmā vitakka-vicārā vacī-sankhāro?|| ||

Kasmā saññā ca vedanā ca cittasankhāro" ti?|| ||

Assāsapassāsā kho āvuso Visākha kāyikā ete dhammā kāya-paṭibaddhā.|| ||

Tasmā assāsapassāsā kāya-sankhāro.|| ||

Pubbe kho āvuso Visākha vitakketvā vicāretvā pacchā vācaɱ bhindati.|| ||

Tasmā vitakka-vicārā vacī-sankhāro.|| ||

Saññā ca vedanā ca cetasikā ete dhammā cittapaṭibaddhā.|| ||

Tasmā saññā ca vedanā ca cittasankhāro" ti.|| ||

[16][than] "Kathañ ca pan'ayye saññā-vedayita-nirodhasamāpatti hotī" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha saññā-vedayita-nirodhaɱ samāpajjantassa bhikkhuno evaɱ hoti:
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodhaɱ samāpajjissan' ti vā,||
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodhaɱ samāpajjāmī' ti vā,||
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodham samāpanno' ti vā,||
atha khvāssa pubbe va tathā cittaɱ bhāvitaɱ hoti yan taɱ tathattāya upanetī" ti.|| ||

[17][than] "Saññā-vedayita-nirodhaɱ [302] samāpajjantassa pan'ayye bhikkhuno katame dhammā paṭhamaɱ nirujjhanti:||
yadi vā kāya-sankhāro||
yadi vā vacī-sankhāro||
yadi vā citta-sankhāro" ti?|| ||

"Saññā-vedayita-nirodhaɱ samāpajjantassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno paṭhamaɱ nirujjhati vacī-sankhāro,||
tato kāya-sankhāro,||
tato citta-sankhāro" ti.|| ||

[18][than] "Kathañ ca pan'ayye saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhānaɱ hotī" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa bhikkhuno evaɱ hoti:||
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodhasamāpattiyā vuṭṭhahi'ssan' ti vā||
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodhasamāpattiyā vuṭṭhahāmī' ti vā||
'Ahaɱ saññā-vedayita-nirodhasamāpattiyā vuṭṭhito' ti vā||
atha khvāssa pubbe va tathā cittaɱ bhāvitaɱ hoti yan taɱ tathattāya upanetī" ti|| ||

[19][than]. "Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa pan'ayye bhikkhuno katame dhammā paṭhamaɱ uppajjanti,||
yadi vā kāya-sankhāro,||
yadi vā vacī-sankhāro,||
yadi vā citta-sankhāro" ti?|| ||

"Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno||
paṭhamaɱ uppajjati citta-sankhāro,||
tato kāya-sankhāro,||
tato vacī-sankhāro" ti.|| ||

[20][than] "Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitaɱ pan'ayye bhikkhuɱ kati phassā phusantī" ti?|| ||

"Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitaɱ kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuɱ tayo phassā phusanti:||
suññato phasso,||
animitto phasso,||
appaṇihito phasso" ti.|| ||

[21][than] "Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitassa pan'ayye bhikkhuno kiɱ-ninnaɱ cittaɱ hoti kiɱ-poṇaɱ kiɱ-pabbhāran" ti?|| ||

"Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno||
viveka-ninnaɱ cittaɱ hoti||
viveka-poṇaɱ||
viveka-pabbhāran" ti.|| ||

[22][bit][than] "Kati pan'ayye vedanā" ti?|| ||

"Tisso kho imā āvuso Visākha vedanā:||
sukhā vedanā||
dukkhā vedanā||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā" ti.|| ||

[23][than]. "Katamā pan'ayye sukhā vedana,||
katamā dukkhā vedanā||
katamā adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā" ti?|| ||

"Yaɱ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaɱ vā||
ceta-sikaɱ vā||
sukhaɱ||
sātaɱ||
vedayitaɱ||
ayaɱ||
sukhā||
vedanā.|| ||

Yaɱ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaɱ vā||
ceta-sikaɱ vā||
dukkhaɱ||
asātaɱ||
vedayitaɱ||
ayaɱ||
dukkhā||
vedanā.|| ||

Yaɱ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaɱ vā||
ceta-sikaɱ vā||
n'eva sātaɱ-nāsātaɱ vedayitaɱ||
ayaɱ adukkha- [303] m-asukhā vedanā" ti.|| ||

[24][than] Sukhā pan'ayye vedanā kiɱ-sukhā kiɱ-dukkhā,||
dukkhā vedanā kiɱ-dukkhā kiɱ-sukhā,||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā kiɱ-sukhā kiɱ-dukkhā ti?|| ||

Sukhā kho āvuso Visākha vedanā ṭhiti-sukhā vipariṇāma-dukkhā,||
dukkhā vedanā ṭhiti-dukkhā vipariṇāma-sukhā,||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā ñāṇa-sukhā aññāṇ-dukkhā" ti.|| ||

[25][than] "Sukhāya pan'ayye vedanāya kiɱ-anusayo anuseti?|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya kiɱ anusayo anuseti?|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya kiɱ anusayo anusetī" ti?|| ||

Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo anusetī" ti.|| ||

[26][than] "Sabbāya nu kho ayye sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti?|| ||

Sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo anuseti?|| ||

Sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo anusetī" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha sabbāya sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti,||
na sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo anuseti,||
na sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo anusetī" ti.|| ||

[27][than] Sukhāya pan'ayye vedanāya kiɱ pahātabbaɱ?|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya kiɱ pahātabbaɱ?|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya kiɱ pahātabban" ti?|| ||

"Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo pahātabbo" ti.|| ||

[28][than] "Sabbāya nu kho ayye sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo?|| ||

Sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo pahātabbo?|| ||

Sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo pahātabbo" ti?|| ||

"Na kho āvuso Visākha sabbāya sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo,||
na sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭighā'nusayo pahātabbo,||
na sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijjā'nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Idh'āvuso Visākha bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi — ||
sa-vitakkaɱ sa-vicāraɱ —||
viveka-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ||
paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati,||
rāgan-tena pajahati,||
na tattha rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Idh'āvuso Visākha bhikkhu iti paṭisaŋcikkhati:||
'Kuda'ssu nāmāhaɱ tad'āyatanaɱ upasampajja viharissāmi||
yad'ariyā etarahi āyatanaɱ upassampajja viharanti' ti,||
iti anuttaresu vimokhesu pihaɱ||
[304] upaṭṭhāpayato uppajjati pihāpaccayā domanassaɱ||
paṭighantena pajahati,||
na tattha paṭighā'nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Idh'āvuso Visākha bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā —||
adukkha-ɱ-asukhaɱ —||
upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ||
catutthaɱ jhānam upasampajja viharati,||
avijjan'tena pajahati,||
na tattha avijjā'nusayo anusetī" ti.|| ||

[29][than]. Sukhāya pan'ayye vedanāya kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya dukkhā vedanā paṭibhāgo" ti.|| ||

"Dukkhāya pan'ayye vedanāya kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Dukkhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya sukhā vedanā paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Adukkha-m-asukhāya pan'ayye vedanāya kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Adukkha-m-asukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya avijjā paṭibhāgo" ti.|| ||

"Avijjāya pan'ayye kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Avijjāya kho āvuso Visākha vijjā paṭibhāgo" ti.|| ||

"Vijjāya pan'ayye kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Vijjāya kho āvuso Visākha vimutti paṭibhāgo" ti.|| ||

"Vimuttiyā pan'ayye kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Vimuttiyā kho āvuso Visākha Nibbānaɱ paṭibhāgo" ti.|| ||

"Nibbānassa pan'ayye kiɱ paṭibhāgo" ti?|| ||

"Accasarāvuso Visākha pañhaɱ||
nāsakkhi pañhānaɱ pariyan taɱ gahetuɱ.|| ||

Nibbānogadhaɱ hi āvuso Visākha brahma-cariyaɱ Nibbānaparāyanaɱ Nibbānapariyo-sānaɱ.|| ||

Ākaṇkha-māno ca tvaɱ āvuso Visākha Bhagavantaɱ upasankamitvā etam'atthaɱ puccheyyāsi,||
yathā ca te Bhagavā vyākaroti tathā naɱ dhāreyyāsī" ti.|| ||

[30][than] Atha kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā bhāsitaɱ abhinan'ditvā anumo-ditvā uṭṭhāy'āsanā Dhammadinnaɱ bhikkhuniɱ abhivādetvā pada-k-khiṇaɱ katvā yena Bhagavā ten'upasankami.|| ||

Upasaŋkamitvā Bhagavantaɱ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaɱ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaɱ nisinno kho Visākho upāsako yāvatako ahosi Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā saddhiɱ kathā-sallāpo,||
taɱ sabbaɱ Bhagavato ārocesi.|| ||

Evaɱ vutte Bhagavā Visākhaɱ upāsakaɱ etad avoca:|| ||

"Paṇḍitā Visākha Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī,||
mahā-paññā Visākha Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī.|| ||

Mamañ-ce pi tvaɱ Visākha etam'atthaɱ puccheyyāsi,||
aham-pi taɱ evam'evaɱ vyākareyyaɱ
[305] yathā taɱ Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā byākataɱ,||
eso c'ev'etassa attho,||
evam'etaɱ dhārehī" ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamano Visākho upāsako Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandīti.|| ||

Cūḷavedallasuttaɱ catutthaɱ


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