Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
II. Majjhima-Paṇṇāsa
2. Bhikkhu Vagga

Sutta 64

Mahā Māluŋkya Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][ntbb][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthīyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme,||
tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Bhikkhavo" ti.|| ||

"Bhadante" ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Dhāretha no tumhe bhikkhave mayā desitāni pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanānī" ti?|| ||

Evaɱ vutte āyasmā Māluŋkya-putto Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:

"Ahaɱ kho bhante dhāremi Bhagavatā desitāni pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanānī" ti.

"Yathā kathaɱ pana tvaɱ Māluŋkya-putta dhāresi mayā desitāni pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanānī" ti?|| ||

"Sakkāya-diṭṭhiɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Vici-kicchaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Sīl'abbata-parāmāsaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Kāma-c-chandaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Vyāpadaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante Bhagavatā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ desitaɱ dhāremi.|| ||

Evaɱ kho ahaɱ bhante dhāremi Bhagavatā desitāni pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanānī" ti.|| ||

"Kassa kho nāma tvaɱ Māluŋkya-putta mayā evaɱ pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni desitāni dhāresi.|| ||

Nanu Māluŋkya-putta añña-titthiyā paribbājakā iminā taruṇūpamena upārambhena upārambhi'ssanti:|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkya-putta kumārassa mandassa uttāna-seyyakassa sakkāyo ti pi na hoti||
[433] kuto panassa uppajjissati sakkāya-diṭṭhi;||
anuseti tv'ev'assa sakkāya-diṭṭhā'nusayo,|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkya-putta kumārassa mandassa uttāna-seyyakassa dhammā ti pi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati dhammesu vicikicchā,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa vicikicchā'nusayo,|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkya-putta kumārassa mandassa uttāna-seyyakassa sīlā ti pi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati silesu sīl'abbata-parāmāso,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa sīl'abbata-parāmāsānusayo.|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkya-putta kumārassa mandassa uttāna-seyyakassa kāmātipi na hoti||
kuto panassa uppajjissati kāmesu kāma-c-chando,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa kāmarāg-ā-nusayo.|| ||

Daharassa hi Māluŋkya-putta kumārassa mandassa uttāna-seyyakassa sattātipi na hoti,||
kuto panassa uppajjissati sattesu vyāpādo,||
anuseti tv'ev'assa vyāpādānusayo.|| ||

Nanu Māluŋkya-putta añña-titthiyā paribbājakā iminā taruṇūpamena upārambhena upārambhi'ssantī" ti.|| ||

 


 

Evaɱ vutte āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaɱ etad avoca:

"Etassa Bhagavā kālo,||
etassa Sugata kālo,||
yaɱ Bhagavā pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni deseyya.|| ||

Bhagavato sutvā bhikkhū dhāressantī" ti.|| ||

"Tena h'Ānanda suṇāhi sādhukaɱ manasi karohi bhāsissāmī" ti.|| ||

"Evaɱ bhante" ti||
kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

"Idh'Ānanda a-s-sutavā puthujjano ariyānaɱ adassāvī ariya-Dhammassa akovido ariya-Dhamme avinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ adassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa akovido sappurisa-Dhamme avinīto sakkāya-diṭṭhi-pariyuṭṭhitena,||
cetasā viharati sakkāya-diṭṭhi-paretena,||
uppannāya ca sakkāya-diṭṭhiyā nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti.|| ||

Tassa sā sakkāya-diṭṭhi thāmagatā appaṭivinītā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ,||
vicikicchā-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati vicikicchāparetena,||
uppannāya ca vicikicchāya nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti,||
tassa sā vicikicchā thāmagatā appaṭivinītā ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ.|| ||

Sīl'abbata-parāmāsapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati sīl'abbata-parāmāsaparetena,||
uppannassa ca sīl'abbata-parāmāsassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti.|| ||

Tassa so sīl'abbata-parāmāso thāmagato appaṭivinīto ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ.|| ||

Kāmarāga-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati kāma-rāgaparetena,||
[434] uppannassa ca kāma-rāgassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti,||
tassa so kāmarāgo thāmagato appaṭivinīto ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ.|| ||

vyāpāda-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati vyāpādaparetena,||
uppannassa ca vyāpādassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ na-p-pajānāti,||
tassa so vyāpādo thāmagato appaṭivinīto ora-m-bhāgiyaɱ saŋyojanaɱ.|| ||

Sutavā ca kho Ānanda ariya-sāvako ariyānaɱ dassāvī ariya-Dhammassa kovido ariya-Dhamme suvinīto,||
sappurisānaɱ dassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa kovido sappurisa-Dhamme suvinīto,||
na sakkāya-diṭṭhi-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na sakkāya-diṭṭhi-paretena,||
uppannāya ca sakkāya-diṭṭhiyā nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa sā sakkāya-diṭṭhi sānusayā pahīyati.|| ||

Na vicikicchā-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na vicikicchāparetena.|| ||

Uppannāya ca vicikicchāya nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

Tassa sā vicikicchā sānusayā pahīyati1.|| ||

Na sīl'abbata-parāmāsapariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na sīl'abbata-parāmāsaparetena,||
uppannassa ca sīl'abbata-parāmāsassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so sīl'abbata-parāmāso sānusayo pahīyati.|| ||

Na kāma-rāga-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na kāma-rāgaparetena,||
uppannassa ca kāma-rāgassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so kāmarāgo sānusayo pahīyati.|| ||

Na vyāpāda-pariyuṭṭhitena cetasā viharati na vyāpādaparetena,||
uppannassa ca vyāpādassa nissaraṇaɱ yathā-bhūtaɱ pajānāti,||
tassa so vyāpādo sānusayo pahīyati.

Yo Ānanda Maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya,||
taɱ Maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ anāgamma pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1,vā pajahi'ssati vāti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato tacaɱ acchetvā phegguɱ acchetvā sāracchedo bhavissatīti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yo Maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya taɱ Maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ anāgamma pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1 vā pajahi'ssati vāti n'etaɱ ṭhānaɱ vijjati.|| ||

Yo ca kho Ānanda Maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya [435] taɱ Maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ āgamma pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni ñassati vā dakkhiti1 vā pajahi'ssati vāti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato tacaɱ chetvā phegguɱ chetvā sāracchedo bhavissatīti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yo Maggo yā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya taɱ Maggaɱ taɱ paṭipadaɱ āgamma pañc'ora-m-bhāgiyāni saŋyojanāni ñssati vā dakkhiti vā pajahi'ssati vāti ṭhāname taɱ vijjati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda gaŋgā nadī pūrā udakassa samatittikā kākapeyyo,||
atha dubbalako puriso āgaccheyya ahaɱ imissā Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gacchāmī'ti3.|| ||

So na sakkuṇeyya Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gantuɱ.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yassa kassaci sakkāya nirodhāya dhamme desiyamāne cittaɱ na pakkhandati,||
nappasīdati,||
na santiṭṭhati,||
na vimuccati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi so dubbalako puriso evam-ete daṭṭhabbā.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda gaŋgā nadī pūrā udakassa samatittikā kākapeyyo.|| ||

Atha balavā puriso āgaccheyya ahaɱ imissā Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gacchāmī' ti.3 So sakkuṇeyya Gaŋgāya nadiyā tiriyaɱ bāhāya sotaɱ chetvā sotthinā pāraɱ gantuɱ.|| ||

Evam eva kho Ānanda yassa kassaci sakkāya nirodhāya dhamme desiyamāne cittaɱ pakkhandati,||
pasīdati,||
santiṭṭhati,||
vimuccati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi so balavā puriso evam-ete daṭṭhabbā.|| ||

Katamo cĀnanda Maggo katamā paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya: idh'Ānanda bhikkhu upadhivivekā akusalānaɱ dhammānaɱ pahānā sabbaso kāyaduṭṭhullānaɱ paṭipassaddhiyā vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi sa-vitakkaɱ sa-vicāraɱ viveka-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti rūpa-gataɱ vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ.|| ||

Te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabba-sankhāra-samatho sabb'ūpadhi-paṭinissaggo taṇha-k-khayo virāgo nirodho Nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti,||
no ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhi-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti rūpa-gataɱ vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya [436] dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabba-sankhāra-samatho sabbūpadhi paṭinissaggo taṇha-k-khayo virāgo nirodho Nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti,||
no ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya.

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu vitakka-vicārānaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhi-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ tatiyajhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti rūpa-gataɱ vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabba-sankhāra-samatho sabb'ūpadhi-paṭinissaggo taṇha-k-khayo virāgo nirodho Nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso rūpa-saññānaɱ samati-k-kamā paṭigha-saññānaɱ atthaŋ-gamā nānatta-saññānaɱ amanasi-kārā ananto ākāsoti Ākāsanañ-c'āyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti rūpa-gataɱ vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabba-sankhāra-samatho sabb'ūpadhi-paṭinissaggo taṇha-k-khayo virāgo nirodho Nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso Ākāsanañ-c'āyatanaɱ samati-k-kamma 'Anantaɱ viññāṇan' ti Viññāṇañ-c'āyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti rūpa-gataɱ vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.1.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ sabba-sankhāra-samatho sabbūpadhi paṭinissaggo taṇha-k-khayo virāgo nirodho Nibbānanti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraɱ Ānanda bhikkhu sabbaso Viññānañ-c'āyatanaɱ samati-k-kamma 'N'atthi kiñcī' ti Ākiñcaññ'āyatanaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

So yad eva tattha hoti vedanā-gataɱ saññā-gataɱ sankhāra-gataɱ viññāṇa-gataɱ te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati,||
so tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpeti.|| ||

So tehi dhammehi cittaɱ paṭivāpetvā2 amatāya dhātuyā cittaɱ upasaŋharati.|| ||

'Etaɱ santaɱ etaɱ paṇītaɱ yad idaɱ||
sabba-sankhāra-samatho||
sabb'ūpadhi-paṭinissaggo||
taṇha-k-khayo||
virāgo||
nirodho||
Nibbānan' ti.|| ||

So tatthaṭṭhito [437] āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

No ce āsavānaɱ kh ayaɱ pāpuṇāti.|| ||

Ten'eva dhammarāgena tāya dhammanandiyā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ parikkhayā opapātiko hoti tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā ayam pi kho Ānanda Maggo ayaɱ paṭipadā pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāyā" ti.|| ||

"Eso ce bhante Maggo||
esā paṭipadā||
pañcannaɱ ora-m-bhāgiyānaɱ saŋyojanānaɱ pahānāya||
atha kiñcarahi idh'ekacce bhikkhū ceto-vimuttino||
ekacce bhikkhū paññā-vimuttino" ti.|| ||

"Ettha kho tes'āhaɱ Ānanda indriya-vemattataɱ vadāmī" ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamano āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandīti.|| ||

Mahāmāluŋkyasuttaɱ catutthaɱ


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