MN 139: Arana-Vibhanga Suttam

Majjhima Nikaya


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Majjhima Nikāya
III. Upari Paṇṇāsa
4. Vibhaŋga Vagga

Sutta 139

Araṇa-Vibhaŋga Suttaɱ

Based on the 'Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.'

 


 

[1][chlm][pts][ntbb][olds][upal] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā Sāvatthiyaɱ viharati Jetavane Anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

Bhikkhavo ti.|| ||

Bhadante ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

Araṇavibhaŋgaɱ vo bhikkhave, desissāmi. Taɱ suṇātha sādhukaɱ manasi karotha. Bhāsissāmīti.|| ||

Evaɱ bhante' ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

2. Na kāma-sukham-anuyuñjeyya hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ ananthasaɱhitaɱ. Na ca attakila-mathānuyogaɱ anuyuñjeyya dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ.|| ||

3. Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimā paṭipadā Tathāgatena abhisambuddhā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saɱvattati.|| ||

4. Ussādanañ ca jaññā, apasādanañ ca jaññā. Ussādanañ ca ñatvā apasādanañ ca ñatvā nevussādeyya nāpasādeyya dhammameva deseyya.|| ||

5. Sukhavinicchayaɱ jaññā, sukhavinicchayaɱ ñatvā ajjhattaɱ sukhamanuyuñjeyya.|| ||

6. Rah'ovādaɱ na bhāseyya, sammukhā na khīṇaɱ bhaṇe.|| ||

7. Ataramāno ca bhāseyya, no taramāno.|| ||

8. Janapadaniruttiɱ nābhiniveseyya, samaññaɱ nāti dhāveyyāti.|| ||

9. Ayamuddeso araṇavibhaŋgassa.|| ||

10. 'Na kāmasukhamanuyuñjeyya hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, na ca attakilamathānuyogaɱ anuyuñjeyya dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhita'nti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ. Kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: yo kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogo hīno gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto3 saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Yo kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ [231] ananuyogo hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Yo attakilamathānuyogo dukkho anariyo anattha-saɱhito, dukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā yo attakilamathānuyogaɱ ananuyogo dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā 'na kāmasukhamanuyuñjeyya hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, na ca attakilamathānuyogaɱ anuyuñjeyya dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhita'nti iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

11. 'Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimā paṭipadā Tathāgatena abhisambuddhā cakkhukaraṇi ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saɱvattatī'ti iti ko pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ. Kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: ayameva Ariyo Aṭṭhaŋgiko Maggo. Seyyathīdaɱ: sammā-diṭṭhi sammā-saŋkappo sammā-vācā sammā-kammanto sammā ājīvo sammā-vāyāmo sammā-sati sammā-samādhi. Ete te ubho ante anupagamma majjhimā paṭipadā Tathāgatena abhisambuddhā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saɱvattatī'ti iti1 yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ, idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

12. 'Ussādanañca jaññā apasādanañca jaññā, ussādanañca ñatvā apasādanañca ñatvā nevussādeyya na apasādeyya dhammameva deseyyā'ti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ. Kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: kathaɱ ca bhikkhave, ussādanā ca hoti apasādanā ca, no ca dhammadesanā:|| ||

13. Ye kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ anuyuttā hinaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā saupaghātā saupāyāsā sapariḷāhā micchāpaṭipannāti iti vadaɱ itth'eke apasādeti. Ye kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ ananuyuttā hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannāti iti vadaɱ itth'eke ussādeti.|| ||

14. 'Ye attakilamathānuyogaɱ anuyuttā dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā [232] saupaghātā saupāyāsā sapariḷāhā micchāpaṭipannā'ti iti vadaɱ itth'eke apasādeti. 'Ye attakilamathānuyogaɱ ananuyuttā dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannā'ti iti vadaɱ itth'eke ussādeti.|| ||

15. 'Yesaɱ kesañci bhavasaŋyojanaɱ appahīnaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā saupaghātā saupāyāsā sapariḷāhā micchāpaṭipannā'ti iti vadaɱ itth'eke apasādeti. 'Yesaɱ kesañci vibhavasaŋyojanaɱ pahīnaɱ, sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannā'ti iti vadaɱ itth'eke ussādeti. Evaɱ kho bhikkhave, ussādanā ca hoti apasādanā ca, no ca dhammadesanā.|| ||

16. Kathañ ca bhikkhave, n'eva ussādanā hoti na apasādanā, dhamma desanā ca: ye kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ ananuyuttā hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā saupaghātā saupāyāsā saparilāhā micchāpaṭipannā'ti na evam āha: anuyogo ca kho sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā'ti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti.|| ||

17. 'Ye kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ anuyuttā hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannā'ti na evam āha. Ananuyogo ca kho adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā'ti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti.|| ||

18. Ye attakilamathānuyogaɱ anuyuttā dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā saupaghātā saupāyāsā sapariḷāhā micchāpaṭipannā'ti na evam āha: anuyogo ca kho sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā ti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti.|| ||

19. Ye attakilamathānuyogaɱ anuyuttā dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannāti na evam āha: ananuyogo ca kho adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā'ti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti.|| ||

20. Yesaɱ kesañci bhavasaŋyojanaɱ appahīnaɱ, sabbe te sadukkhā saupaghātā saupāyāsā sapariḷāhā micchāpaṭipannāti na [233] evam āha. Bhavasaŋyojane ca kho appahīne bhavopi appahīno hotī'ti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti.|| ||

21. Yesaɱ kesañci bhavasaŋyojanaɱ pahīnaɱ sabbe te adukkhā anupaghātā anupāyāsā|| ||

22. Apariḷāhā sammāpaṭipannāti na evam āha bhavasaŋyojane ca kho pahīne bhavopi|| ||

23. Pahīno hotīti iti vadaɱ dhammameva deseti. Evaɱ kho bhikkhave, nevussādanā hoti na apasādanā dhammadesanā ca.|| ||

24. 'Ussādanañca jaññā, apasādanañca jaññā, ussādanañca ñatvā apasādanañca ñatvā nevussādeyya, na apasādeyya. Dhammameva deseyyā'ti iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ, idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

25. Sukhavinicchayaɱ jaññā, sukhavinicchayaɱ ñatvā ajjhattaɱ sukhamanuyuñjeyyā'ti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: pañc'ime bhikkhave, kāma-guṇā. Katame pañca? cakkhu-viññeyyā rūpā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kamūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā sota-viññeyyā saddā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kamūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā|| ||

26. Ghāna-viññeyyā gandhā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kamūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā jivhā-viññeyyā rasā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kamūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā kāya-viññeyyā poṭṭhabbā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaɱhitā rajanīyā. Ime kho bhikkhave, pañcakāma-guṇā. Yaɱ kho bhikkhave ime pañca kāmaguṇe paṭicca uppajjati sukhaɱ somanassaɱ idaɱ vuccati kāmasukhaɱ mī'hasukhaɱ puthujjanasukhaɱ anariyasukhaɱ. Na āsevitabbaɱ na bhāvetabbaɱ na bahulī-kātabbaɱ, bhāyitabbaɱ etassa sukhassāti vadāmi.|| ||

27. Idha, bhikkhave,, bhikkhu vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi sa-vitakkaɱ sa-vicāraɱ viveka-jaɱ pitisukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ-jhānaɱ upaspajja viharati. Vitakka-vicāranaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhi-jaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ-jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. Vitakka-vicāranaɱ vūpasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodi-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhi-jaɱ pitisukhaɱ cakutthaɱ jhānaɱ upasampajja viharati. Idaɱ vuccati nekkhamma-sukhaɱ paviveka-sukhaɱ upasama-sukhaɱ sambodhisukhaɱ āsevitabbaɱ bhāvetabbaɱ bahulī-kātabbaɱ. Na bhāyitabbaɱ etassa sukhassāti [234] vadāmi. 'Sukhavinicchayaɱ jaññā, sukhavinicchayaɱ ñatvā ajjhattaɱ sukhamanuyuñjeyyā'ti iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ, idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

28. 'Rah'ovādaɱ na bhāseyya, sammukhā na khīṇaɱ bhaṇe'ti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ. Kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: tatra bhikkhave, yaɱ jaññā rah'ovādaɱ abhūtaɱ atacchaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, sasakkaɱ taɱ rah'ovādaɱ na bhāseyya. Yampi jaññā rah'ovādaɱ bhūtaɱ tacchaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, tassapi sikkheyya avacanāya. Yañ ca kho jaññā rah'ovādaɱ bhūtaɱ tacchaɱ attha-saɱhitaɱ, tatra kāl'aññū assa tassa rah'ovādassa vacanāya. Yatra bhikkhave, yaɱjaññā sammukhā khīṇavādaɱ abhūtaɱ atacchaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ. Sasakkaɱ taɱ sammukhā khīṇavādaɱ na bhāseyya. Yampi jaññā sammukhā khīṇavādaɱ bhūtaɱ tacchaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, tassapi sikkheyya avacanāya. Yañ ca kho jaññā sammukhā khīṇavādaɱ bhūtaɱ tacchaɱ attha-saɱhitaɱ, tatra kāl'aññū assa tassa sammukhā khīṇavādassa vacanāya. 'Rah'ovādaɱ na bhāseyya, sammukhā na khīṇaɱ bhaṇe'ti iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ, idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

29. 'Ataramānova bhāseyya, no taramāno'ti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: tatra bhikkhave, taramānassa bhāsato kāyopi kilamati. Cittampi upahaññati. Saropi upahaññati. Kaṇṭhopi āturīyati. Avissaṭṭhampi hoti aviññeyyaɱ taramānassa bhāsitaɱ, tatra bhikkhave, ataramānassa bhāsato kāyopi na kilamati. Cittampi na upahaññati. Saropi na upahaññati. Kaṇṭhopi na āturīyati. Vissaṭṭhampi hoti viññeyyaɱ ataramānassa bhāsitaɱ. 'Ataramāno va bhāseyya, no taramāno'ti iti yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

30. 'Janapadaniruttiɱ nābhiniveseyya, samaññaɱ nātidhāveyyā'ti iti kho pan'etaɱ vuttaɱ kiñc'etaɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ: kathañca bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiyā ca abhiniveso hoti samaññāya ca atisāro: idha bhikkhave, tadavekaccesu jana-padesu pātīti sañjānanti, [235] pattanti sañjānanti, vitthanti1 sañjānanti. Sarāvanti sañjānanti, dhāropanti sañjānanti,poṇanti sañjānanti. Pisīlavanti2 sañjānanti. Iti yathā yathā naɱ tesu tesu jana-padesu sañjānanti. Tathā tathā thāmasā parāmassa3 abhinivissa voharati: idam eva saccaɱ mogham aññan ti. Evaɱ kho bhikkhave,|| ||

31. Janapada niruttiyā ca abhiniveso hoti samaññāya ca atisāro. Katañ ca bhikkhave,|| ||

32. Janapadaniruttiyā ca anabhiniveso hoti, samaññāya ca atisāro: idha bhikkhave, tad eva ekaccesu jana-padesu pātīti sañjānanti. Pattanti sañjānanti, vitthanti sañjānanti. Sarāvanti sañjānanti. Dhāropanti sañjānanti. Poṇanti sañjānanti. Pisīlavanti sañjānanti. Iti yathā yathā naɱ tesu tesu jana-padesu sañjānanti: idaɱ kira me āyasmanto sandhāya voharantīti. Tathā tathā voharati aparāma-sati1. Evaɱ kho bhikkhave janapadaniruttiyā ca anabhiniveso hoti. Samaññāya ca anatisāro yaɱ taɱ vuttaɱ, idame taɱ paṭicca vuttaɱ.|| ||

33. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogo hīno gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

34. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo kāmapaṭisandhisukhino somanassānuyogaɱ ananuyogo hīnaɱ gammaɱ pothujjanikaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto|| ||

35. Anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

36. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo attakilamathānuyogo dukkho anariyo anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

37. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yo attakilamathānuyogaɱ ananuyogo dukkhaɱ anariyaɱ anattha-saɱhitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. [236] Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

38. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yā'yaɱ majjhimā paṭipadā Tathāgatena abhisambuddhā cakkhu-karaṇī ñāṇa-karaṇī upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saɱvattati. Adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

39. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yā'yaɱ ussādanā ca apasādanā ca no ca dhammadesanā, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

40. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yā'yaɱ nevussādanā na apasādanā dhammadesanā ca. Adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

41. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam idaɱ kāmasukhaɱ mī'hasukhaɱ pothujjanasukhaɱ anariyasukhaɱ, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto. Saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

42. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam idaɱ nekkhamma-sukhaɱ paviveka-sukhaɱ upasama-sukhaɱ sambodhisukhaɱ adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

43. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ rahovādo abhūto ataccho anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

44. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ rahovādo bhūto taccho anattha-saɱhito sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

45. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ rahovādo bhūto taccho anattha-saɱhito, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

46. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ sammukhā khīṇavādo abhūto ataccho anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

47. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ sammukhā khīṇavādo bhūto taccho anattha-saɱhito, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

48. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ sammukhā [237] khīṇavādo bhūto taccho anattha-saɱhito, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

49. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam idaɱ taramānassa bhāsitaɱ, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto|| ||

50. Saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

51. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yam idaɱ ataramānassa bhāsitaɱ, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto|| ||

52. Anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

53. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ janapadaniruttiyā ca abhiniveso samaññāya ca atisāro, sadukkho eso dhammo saupaghāto saupāyāso sapariḷāho micchāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo saraṇo.|| ||

54. Tatra, bhikkhave,, yvāyaɱ janapadaniruttiyā ca anabhiniveso samaññāya ca anatisāro, adukkho eso dhammo anupaghāto anupāyāso apariḷāho sammāpaṭipadā. Tasmā eso dhammo araṇo.|| ||

55. Tasmāt iha bhikkhave, saraṇañ ca dhammaɱ jānissāma. Araṇañca dhammaɱ jānissāma saraṇañ ca dhammaɱ ñatvā araṇañca dhammaɱ ñatvā araṇapaṭipadaɱ paṭipajjissāmāti. Evaɱ hi vo bhikkhave, sikkhitabbaɱ. Subhūti ca pana bhikkhave, kula-putto araṇapaṭipadaɱ paṭipannoti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā, attamanā te bhikkhū Bhagavato bhāsitaɱ abhinandunti.|| ||

Araṇavibhaŋgasuttaɱ navamaɱ.


 

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