Aŋguttara Nikāya


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Aŋguttara Nikāya
X. Dasaka-Nipāta
XXII: Sāmañña-Vagga

The Book of the Gradual Sayings
X. The Book of the Tens
XXII: Characteristics

Sutta 213

Catuttha Suttaɱ

Fourty Qualities

Translated from the Pali by F. L. Woodward, M.A.

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[198]

[1] THUS have I heard:

Once the Exalted One addressed the monks, saying:

"Monks."

"Yes, lord," they replied, and the Exalted One said:

"Monks, possessing fourty qualities
one is cast into purgatory according to his deserts.

What fourty?

Herein a certain one himself takes life,
and he encourages another to take life,
and he approves of taking life,
and he speaks in praise of taking life.

He himself takes what is not given,
and he encourages another takes what is not given,
and he approves of taking what is not given,
and he speaks in praise of taking what is not given.

He himself in sexual desires
is a wrong-doer,
and he encourages another in wrong-doing in sexual desires,
and he approves of wrong-doing in sexual desires,
and he speaks in praise of wrong-doing in sexual desires.

He himself is a liar,
and he encourages another to lie,
and he approves of lying,
and he speaks in praise of lying.

He himself is a slanderer,
and he encourages another to slander,
and he approves of slander,
and he speaks in praise of slander.

He himself is of harsh speech,
and he encourages another to slander,
and he approves of harsh speech,
and he speaks in praise of harsh speech.

He himself is given to idle babble,
and he encourages another in idle babble,
and he approves of idle babble,
and he speaks in praise of idle babble.

He himself is covetous,
and he encourages another covetousness,
and he approves of covetousness,
and he speaks in praise of covetousness.

He himself is malevolent of heart,
and he encourages another in malevolence of heart,
and he approves of malevolence of heart,
and he speaks in praise of malevolence of heart.

He himself has wrong view,
and he encourages another in wrong view,
and he approves of wrong view,
and he speaks in praise of wrong view.

"Monks, possessing these fourty qualities
one is cast into purgatory according to his deserts.

 

§

 

Possessing fourty qualities
one is put into heaven according to his deserts.

What fourty?

Herein a certain one himself abstains from taking life,
and he encourages another to abstain from taking life,
and he approves of abstaining from taking life,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from taking life.

He himself abstains from taking what is not given,
and he encourages another to abstain from taking what is not given,
and he approves of abstaining from taking what is not given,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from taking what is not given.

He himself, abstains from wrong action in sexual desires,
and he encourages another to abstain from wrong action in sexual desires,
and he approves of abstaining from wrong action in sexual desires,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from wrong action in sexusl desires.

He himself abstains from lying speech,
and he encourages another to abstain from lying speech,
and he approves of abstaining from lying speech,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from lying speech.

He himself abstains from slanderous speech,
and he encourages another to abstain from slanderous speech,
and he approves of abstaining from slanderous speech,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from slanderous speech.

He himself abstains from harsh speech,
and he encourages another to abstain from harsh speech,
and he approves of abstaining from harsh speech,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from harsh speech.

He himself abstains from idle babble,
and he encourages another to abstain from idle babble,
and he approves of abstaining from idle babble,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from idle babble.

He himself abstains from covetousness,
and he encourages another to abstain from covetousness,
and he approves of abstaining from covetousness,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from covetousness.

He himself abstains from malevolence of heart,
and he encourages another to abstain from malevolence of heart,
and he approves of abstaining from malevolence of heart,
and he speaks in praise of abstaining from malevolence of heart.

He himself has right view,
and he encourages another in right view,
and he approves of right view,
and he speaks in praise of right view.

Possessing these fourty qualities one is put into heaven according to his deserts."


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