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Weights and Measures

A Table of Pali Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers

This list sourced with gratitude from Ānandajoti Bhikkhu's ancient-buddhist-texts.net here converted to tabular form.

 


 

Roman Cardinal Ordinal
1 eka paṭhama
1.5 diyaḍḍha  
2 dvi dutiya
2 or 3 dvatti. dvīti  
2.5 aḍḍhateyya, aḍḍhatiya  
3 ti tatiya
3.5 aḍḍhuḍḍha  
3 or 4 ticatu, tero*
4 catu, aṭṭhaḍḍha catuttha
5 pañca pañcama
6 cha chaṭṭha
7 satta sattama
8 aṭṭha aṭṭhama
9 nava navama
10 dasa dasama
11 ekādasa, ekārasa  
12 dvādasa, duvādasa, bārasa  
12.5 aḍḍhatelasa  
13 terasa, telasa  
14 catuddasa, cuddasa, coddasa  
15 pañcadasa, paṇṇarasa  
16 soḷasa, sorasa  
17 sattadasa, sattarasa  
18 aṭṭhādasa, aṭṭhārasa  
19 ekūnavīsati  
20 vīsati, vīsa, vīsā  
21 ekavīsati  
22 dvāvīsati, dvevīsati, bāvīsati, bāvīsa  
23 tevīsati, tevīsa  
24 catuvīsati, catuvīsa, catubīsatai  
25 pañcavīsati, paṇṇavīsati  
26 chabbīsati  
27 sattavīsati  
28 aṭṭhavīsati  
29 ekūnatiɱsati  
30 tiɱsati, tiɱsa, tiɱsā, tiɱsaɱ, samatiɱsa  
31 ekatiɱsati  
32 dvattiɱsati, dvattiɱsa, battiɱsati  
33 tettiɱsati, tettiɱsa  
34 catuttiɱsati  
35 pañcatiɱsati  
36 chattiṁsati  
37 sattatiṁsati  
38 aṭṭhatiṁsati  
39 ekūnacattālīsati  
40 cattārīsati, cattālsaṁ, cattārīsaṁ, cattārīsa, cattārīsā  
41 ekacattālīsati, ekacattārīsati  
42 dvicattālīsati, dvicattārīsati, dvecattālīsati, dvecattārīsati  
43 tecattālīsati , tecattārīsati  
44 catucattālīsati, catucattārīsati  
45 pañcacattālīsati, pañcacattārīsati  
46 chacattālīsati, chacattārīsati  
47 sattacattālīsati, sattacattārīsati  
48 aṭṭhacattālīsati, aṭṭhacattārīsati  
49 ekūnapaññāsā  
50 paññasa, paññāsa, paññāsaɱ, paṇṇāsā, paṇṇāsaɱ  
51 ekapannāsā, ekapaṇṇāsā  
52 dvepaññāsā, dvepaṇṇāsā  
53 tipaññāsā, tipaṇṇāsā  
54 catupaññāsā, catupaṇṇāsā  
55 pañcapaññāsā, pañcapaṇṇnāsā  
56 chappaññāsā, chappaṇṇāsā  
57 sattapaññāsā, sattapaṇṇāsā  
58 aṭṭhapaññāsā, aṭṭhapaṇṇāsā  
59 ekūnasaṭṭhi  
60 saṭṭhi  
61 ekasaṭṭhi  
62 dvīsaṭṭhi, dvāsaṭṭhi, dvesaṭṭhi  
63 tisaṭṭhi, tesaṭṭhi  
64 catusaṭṭhi  
65 pañcasaṭṭhi  
66 chasaṭṭhi  
67 sattasaṭṭhi  
68 aṭṭhasaṭṭhi  
69 ekūnasattati  
70 sattati  
71 ekasattati  
72 dvisattati, dvāsattati, dvesattati  
73 tesattati, tisattati  
74 catusattati  
75 pañcasattati  
76 chasattati  
77 sattasattati  
78 aṭṭhasattati  
79 ekūnāsīti  
80 asīti  
81 ekāsīti  
82 dve-asīti, dvāsīti, diyāsīti  
83 te-āsīti, tiyāsīti  
84 caturāsīti, cullāsīti  
85 pañcāsīti  
86 chāsīti  
87 sattāsīti  
88 aṭṭhāsīti  
89 ekūnanavuti  
90 navuti  
91 ekanavuti  
92 dvinavuti, dvānavuti, dvenavuti  
93 tinavuti, tenavuti  
94 catunavuti  
95 pañcanavuti  
96 channavuti  
97 sattanavuti  
98 aṭṭhanavuti  
99 ekūnasataɱ  
<100 ūnakasataɱ  
100 sataɱ, ekasataɱ  
101 ekādhisataɱ, ekuttarasataɱ  
102 dvādhisataɱ, dvi-uttarasataɱ  
103 tayādhisataɱ, tayuttarasataɱ  
104 catuttarasataɱ  
105 pañcuttarasataɱ  
106 channuttarasataɱ  
107 sattauttarasataɱ  
108 aṭṭhuttarasataɱ  
109    
110 dasasataɱ  
111 ekādasasataɱ  
120 vīsuttarasataɱ  
150 diyaḍḍhasataɱ  
200 dve satāni, disataɱ, dvisataɱ  
300 tīṇi satāni  
400 cattāri satāni  
500 pañca satāni, pañcasataɱ  
600 chasataɱ  
700 sattasataɱ  
800 aṭṭhasataɱ  
900 navasataɱ  
1000 sahassaɱ, dasasataɱ, hanuta  
1000+ parosahassa (over a 1,000)  
1000++ anekasahassaɱ (countless 1,000s)  
1200 dvadasasataɱ  
1250 aḍḍhatelasa sataɱ  
1400 catuddasasataɱ  
2000 vīsasataɱ  
2500 aḍḍhateyyasahassaɱ  
3000 tiɱsasataɱ  
4000 cattālīsasataɱ  
4900 ekūnapaññāsasataɱ  
5000 pañcasahassaɱ  
6000 chasahassaɱ  
8000 asītisataɱ  
8400 cattārīsasataɱ, cattālīsasataɱ  
8500 pañcāsītisataɱ  
10000 dasa sahassa, nahuta  
14000 catuddasasahassāni  
18000 aṭṭhārasasahassāni, aṭṭhārasasahassaɱ  
24000 catubbīsasahassāni, catuvīsasahassāni  
43000 ticattārīsasahassāni  
51000 ekapaññāsasahassāni  
54000 catupaññāsasahassāni  
63000 tisoḷasasahassāni  
84000 caturāsītisahassāni  
88000 aṭṭhāsītisahassāni  
99999 ekūnasatasahassāni  
100,000 lakkha, satasahassaɱ  
100,000+ adhikasatasahassaɱ (exceeding 100,000)  
100,000++ anekasatasahassaɱ (countless 100,000s)  
6,800,000 aṭṭhasaṭṭhi satasahassaɱ  
8,400,000 caturāsītisatasahassaɱ, cullāsīti satasahassaɱ, cūḷāsīti satasahassaɱ  
1,000,000 dasa lakkha  
1,400,000 catudasa satasahassaɱ  
5,000,000 paññāsasatasahassaɱ  
10,000,000 koṭi  
1,000,000,000 koṭisataɱ  
1,000,000,000++ nekoṭisataɱ: countless thousands of millions (countless 1,000,000,000)  
10,000,000,000 koṭisahassaɱ  
1,000,000,000,000 koṭisatasahassaɱ  
100,000,000,000,000 pakoṭi  
1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 koṭippakoṭi  
1 + 28 zeros nahuta  
1 + 35 zeros ninnahuta  
1 + 42 zeros akkhohiṇi  
1 + 49 zeros bindhu  
1 + 56 zeros ambutaɱ  
1 + 63 zeros nirabbutaɱ  
1 + 70 zeros atataɱ  
1 + 77 zeros apapaɱ  
1 + 84 zeros aṭaṭaɱ  
1 + 91 zeros sokandhikaɱ  
1 + 98 zeros uppalaɱ  
1 + 105 zeros kumudaɱ  
1 + 112 zeros padumaɱ  
1 + 119 zeros puṇḍarikaɱ  
1 + 126 zeros kathānaɱ  
1 + 133 zeros mahākathānaɱ  
1 + 140 zeros asaṅkheyyaɱ  
uncountable asaṅkheyyaɱ  

The below are unedited citations from PED:

Uḍḍha (-°) (ordinal number) [the apocope form of catuttha = uttha, dialectically reduced to uḍḍha under the influence of the preceding aḍḍim] — the fourth, only in compound aḍḍhuḍḍha "half of the fourth unit", i.e. three and a half (cp. diyaḍḍha 1½ and aḍḍha-teyya 2½) Ja V 417f. (°āni itthisahassāni); Mhv 12 53.

Ūna (adjective) [Vedic ūna; cf. Avesta ūna, Greek εὖνις, Latin vāpus, Gothic wans, Anglo-Saxon won = English want] — wanting, deficient, less M II 73; Ja V 330; Dhp-a I 77; Dhp-a IV 210. Mostly adverbially with numerals = one less, but one, minus (one or two); usually with eka (as ekūna one less, e.g. ekūna-aṭṭhasataɱ (799) Ja I 57; ekūna-pañcasate Pj I 91, ekūna-vīsati (19) Vism 287; also with eka in instrumental as eken'ūnesu pañcasu attabhāvasatesu (499) Ja I 167; eken'ūnapañcasatāni (deficient by one) Vin II 285; Pj I 91; sometimes without eka, e.g. ūnapañcasatāni (499) Vin III 284; ūnavīsati (19) Vin IV 130, 148. With "two" less: dvīhi ūnaɱ sahassaɱ (998) Ja I 255.

Eka (adjective-numeral) [Vedic eka, i.e. e-ka to Indo-Germanic °oi as in Avesta aeva, Greek οἶος one, alone; and also with different suffix in Latin ū-nus, cf. Greek οἰνός (one on the dice), Gothic etc. ains = English one] — one. Eka follows the pronoun declension, i.e. nominative plural is eke (e.g. Snp 43, 294, 780 etc.)
1. "one" as number, either with or without contrast to two or more; often also "single" opposed to nānā various, many (q.v.). Very frequent by itself as well as with other numerals, ekaŋgula one thumb Mhv 29, 11; Dhp-a III 127; ekapasse in one quarter Dhp-a II 52; ekamaccha a single fish Ja I 222. In enumeration: eka dve pañca dasa Dhp-a I 24. With other numerals: eka-tiɱsa (31) D II 2; °saṭṭhi (61) Vin I 20; °navuti (91) Dhp-a I 97; °sata (101) Dhp-a II 14. Cf. use of "one less" in ekūna (see under compounds and ūna).
-aŋga a part, division, some thing belonging to Ja III 308; Ud 69.
-ūna one less, minus one, usually as 1st part of a numeral compound, like °vīsati (20-1 = 19) Dhp-a I 4; °paññāsa (49) Ja III 220; °saṭṭhi (59) Dhp-a III 412; °pañcasatā (499) Dhp-a II 204. See ūna.
-vāraɱ once Ja I 292;
-vārena the same Dhp-a I 10.
-sama equal Ja VI 261.

Ekādasa (numeral) [Sanskrit ekādasha] eleven Vin I 19. — ordinal number ekādasama the eleventh Snp 111, 113.

Ettaka (adjective) [etta + ka, contrasting-comparative function, cf. tattaka] — so much, this much, according to context referring either to deficiency or abundance, thus developing 2 meanings, viz.
1. just as much (and no more), only so little, all this, just this, such a small number, a little; plural so few, just so many D I 117 (opposite aparimāṇa), 124; A IV 114; Nidd II §304 III (ettakena na tussati is not satisfied with this much); Vv 7912 (cf. Vv-a 307); Miln 10, 18 (alaɱ ettakena enough of this much); Dhp-a I 90 (enough, this much), 93, 399 (plural ettakā); II 54 (only one), 174f.; Vv-a 233 (a little), 323. — ettakaɱ kālaɱ a short time (but see also under 2) Ja I 34; Dhp-a II 20.
2. ever so much (and not less), so much, plural so many, ever so many, so and so many, such a lot A III 337; Ja I 207 (plural ettakā), 375 (neuter ettakaɱ); III 80 (the same), 94 (°ɱ dhanaɱ such great wealth); Miln 37 (plural); Dhp-a I 392, 396 (plural feminine ettikā), 397, 398; II 14, 89 (plural), 241 (plural so many); Vv-a 65 (dhanaɱ). — ettakaɱ kālaɱ for some time, such a long time (see also above, under 1) Dhp-a II 62, 81; III 318; Vv-a 330.


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