Earth, Solidity, Hardness, Resistance
PTS: Middle Length Sayings I, #1: Discourse on the Synopsis of Fundamentals, Horner, trans., pp 3.
WP: Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: The Root of All Things, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans., pp 83
Examining the Mulapariyaya — Analysis
The Root Sequence, Bhikkhu Thanissaro, translation of the Mulapariyaya
Satipatthana Sutta: The Four Great Elements
Digha Nikaya #33, pp288
PTS, T.W and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., Dialogs of the Buddha III #33 pp 219
PTS, T.W and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., Dialogs of the Buddha III #33 pp 228: 4:16; 6:16
WP, Walshe, trans, The Long Discourses of the Buddha, #33, pp491
BD: DN #33: The Compilation: 4.16; 6:16
Middle Length Sayings, #28: The Simile of the Elephant's Footprint (Greater)
ATI: The Great Elephant Footprint Simile, Bhikkhu Thanissaro's translation
BD: Making an Earth Kasina
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Walshe||Woodward|
|paṭhavī||earth||extension||Solidity||earth||earth||earth||earth (or extension)|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
Paṭhavī: the earth. It figures as the first element in the enumeration of the 4 elements, viz. p., āpo, tejo, vāyo (earth, water, fire, wind or the elements of the extension, cohension, heat and motion).
Earth as The Earth, as earth, ground, as any solid matter, the quality of hardness, firmness; as extension in the sense of limits (plant foot); and 1st primary. Pa=pass; at=at; tha=that; vi=2, re, un.
There is an internal property of earth and there is an external property of earth
And What is the Element of Earth that is Internal?
That which is hard, solid, resistant and which is located within, and with reference to what is understood as an individual: hair of the Head, hair of the body, nails, teeth, skin, flesh, sinews, bones, marrow, kidney, heart, liver, pleura, spleen, lungs, intestines, mesentery, stomach, excrement, and brain.