Sati

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Sati

Mind, Memory, Rememberance, Recollection

See also Cattari Satipatthana

References:

The Seventh Lesson
The Eighth Lesson
The 10th Lesson
Satipatthana Resources
Puremind, M. Punnaji, Awakening Meditation, 1-13, 1-15, 3-12, 4-3, 4-6, 6-8, 7-6,7, 7-11, 8-52, 8-60, 8-61, 8-86
[MN 10]
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, MN 10
PTS:, Middle Length Sayings I, #10: Discourse on the Applications of Mindfulness, Horner, pp70
[DN 22]
Rhys Davids Introduction to their translation of the Satipatthana Sutta, and the translation itself
PTS, Dialogues of the Buddha II: #22: Mahasatipatthana Sutta -- Setting-Up of Mindfulness, Rhys Davids, trans, pp336
WP: The Long Discourses of the Buddha, Maurice Walshe, 22: The Greater Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness, pp335
[MN 9]
WP, The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #9: Right View, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans, pp134
[MN 118]
PTS: Majjhima Nikaya III: #118 (Middle Length Sayings III #118: Mindfulness When Breathing, Horner trans., pp127)
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #118: Mindfulness of Breathing., Nanamoli/Bodhi, trans., pp946
[AN 4.14]
PTS: The Book of the Gradual Sayings II: The Book of the Fours, II: Deportment iv: Restraint, Woodward, trans, pp16
Wings to Awakening
See also: Glossology: Satisfaction


Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
sati Memory, Mind, Minding, Mental Satisfaction mindfulness, conscience mindfulness Attentiveness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness Mindfulness Mindfulness

 

Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
[EDITED ENTRY]

 

Sati: (f.) [Vedic sm.rti: Latin: memor, memoria=memory; Gr. care, witness, martyr; Gothic. maurnan=English: mourn to care, etc] memory, recognition, consciousness, D I.180; II.292...; intentness of mind, wakefulness of mind, mindfulness, alertness, lucidity of mind, self-possession, conscience, self-consciousness D I.19; III.31, 49, 213, 230, 270 sq.; A I.95;...; upaṭṭhitā sati presence of mind D III.252, 282, 287; S II.231; A II.6, 218; III.199; IV.232;...; parimukhaŋ satiŋ upaṭṭhāpetuŋ to surround oneself with watchfulness of mind M III.89; Vin I.24, satiŋ paccupaṭṭhāpetuŋ to preserve self-possession J I.112; IV.215; kāyagatā sati intentness of mind on the body, realization of the impermanency of all things M III.89; A I.43; S I.188;...muṭṭhasati forgetful, careless D III.252, 282; maraṇasati mindfulness as to death A IV.317 sq.; J IV.216;...asati not thinking of, forgetfulness... sati (sammā-) is one of the constituents of the 8-fold Ariyan Path (e g. A III.141 sq....

-indriya the sense, faculty, of mindfulness A II.149...
-uppāda arising, production of recollection J I.98; A II.185; M I.124.
-paṭṭhāna [BSk. sm.rty'upasthāna Divy 126, 182, 208] intent contemplation and mindfulness, earnest thought, application of mindfulness; there are four satipaṭṭhānas, referring to the body, the sensations, the mind, and phenomena respectively, D II.83, 290 sq.; III.101 sq., 127, 221; M I.56, 339; II.11 etc.; A II.218; III.12; IV.125 sq., 457 sq.; V.175; S III.96, 153; V.9, 166...
-sampajañña mindfulness and self-possession D I.70; A II.210...
-sambojjhanga (e. g. S V.90) see sambojjhanga.

Translator's Introduction

Sati+patthana. Is it "Mind", or "Memory" or the mental state arrived at by having achieved complete understanding and having let go?

I have been battling this question since early 1982 (today being Saturday, December 25, 2004 9:00 AM).

 

Satisfaction

Penetrating Knowledge and Release

Satis [enough] + Facere [to do, make, factor, manufacture]

Websters 3rd International Dictionary: Satisfaction: 4a. dissipation of doubt or ignorance = conviction, enlightenment; Satisfied: 1. full of contentment, 2. paid in full; satisfy: 4a. to persuade by argument or evidence, b. to put an end to (doubt or uncertainty), c. to answer or express fully

Oxford English Dictionary: Satisfy: II.4.c. to make one's self content, d. to be content (with)...to find sufficient; 6. To cause to have enough; to supply fully the needs of; to put an end to (an appitite or want) by fully supplying it

Synonyms: suffice, contentment, discharge, fulfill, meet, answer

SatisPassion = Enough Suffering

Sati

Pali English Dictionary: Sati (f.) [Vedic smr.ti: see etym. under sarati2] memory, recognition, consciousness, D I.180; II.292; Miln 77-80; intentness of mind, wakefulness of mind, mindfulness, alertness, lucidity of mind, self-possession, conscience, self-consciousness D I.19; III.31, 49, 213, 230, 270 sq.; A I.95; Dhs 14; Nd1 7; Tikp 61; VbhA 91; DhsA 121; Miln 37; upaṭṭhitā sati presence of mind D III.252, 282, 287; S II.231; A II.6, 218; III.199; IV.232; It 120; parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhāpetuṃ to surround oneself with watchfulness of mind M III.89; Vin I.24, satiṃ paccupaṭṭhāpetuṃ to preserve self-possession J I.112; IV.215; kāyagatā sati intentness of mind on the body, realization of the impermanency of all things M III.89; A I.43; S I.188; Miln 248; 336; muṭṭhasati forgetful, careless D III.252, 282; maraṇasati mindfulness as to death A IV.317 sq.; J IV.216; SnA 54; PvA 61, 66. asati not thinking of, forgetfulness DhsA 241; instr. asatiyā through forgetfulness, without thinking of it, not intentionally Vin II.2892. sati (sammā-) is one of the constituents of the 8-fold Ariyan Path (e g. A III.141 sq.; VbhA 120): see magga 2.

 


This is from the Rhys Davids Introduction to their translation of the Satipatthana Sutta, some interpretations by that generation of translators:

The following are some of the proposed translations of Sati:--

Conscience, Spence Hardy, 'Manual,'412

Attention, Spence Hardy, 'Manual,' 497

Meditation, Gogerly, 'Ceylon Buddhism,' 584

Meditation, Childers, 'Dictionary.'

Memory, Oldenberg, 'Vinaya Texts,' I, 96

Memory, E. Hardy, 'Buddha,' 40

Contemplation, Warren, 'Buddhism in Translations,' 353

Insight, Neumann, 'Majjhima,' I, 85

Thought, Pischel, 'Buddha,' 28

Thought, Oldenberg, 'Buddha' (English translation), 128

 


 [Glossology Table of Contents]  [Ariya Atthangika Magga]  [Satta Sambojjhanga]  [Cattari Satipatthana]

 

Defining/Translating 'Sati'.

I have written about some of the below before, but there is an interesting development which I came across yesterday which I believe warrants a recapitulation as a lead in. So:

It is relatively well known that the word 'sati' stands for both 'mind' and 'memory' (you can look it up in the PED if it is not well known to you), yet the translation 'mindfulness' persists.

I am not saying here that 'mindfulness' is not a correct understanding of an aspect of sati. I am saying that it's use has overbalanced the meaning to the side of 'paying attention' and it does not provide the richness of the term I would suggest, that is, 'mind'.

I believe the translation 'mindfulness' has actually distorted the understanding of, the intent of, the Satipatthana sutta which is to my reading an exercise in the setting up, strengthening and organization of the mind via observation, investigation (comparing memory with memory) and memory.

There is a little puzzle riddle game that I believe shows us both the origin of the word itself and it's meaning:

The word 'sati' is made up of two syllables:

SA = one, once; and TI: three, this, thus

If you use the word 'SATI' as a manta (mantra), repeating it again and again 1,3; 1,3; 1,3 ... there comes a time when the word breaks open and one becomes aware that there is something missing. What is that? 'Two'. It should be 1,2,3. This becoming aware of an issue and recollecting a solution, produces a certain satisfaction in the mind. This, I say, is the true meaning of sati: the satisfaction of a fulfilled memory which is another way of saying a satisfied mind.

Of course modern linguists and philologists will have a conniption fit reading this. But I would remind them that language did not just appear whole bang snap fingers done right from the start. Maybe not this world cycle, but once upon a time it started from scratch. Probably from the sound 'Ah.' And there would have been a period where there was delight in the composition of words and thought given as to how to make words stand for things that one wished to communicate to others. Starting from a language made up of single syllables, how does one describe memory?

And then we have: "Once Thus". What is that but memory?

Mind is, at its most basic, memory. This meaning is lost completely with the translation 'mindfulness.'

On the other hand 'mind' has been and still is used for the idea of 'paying attention'. "Mind the children." "Mind your manners."

'Mind' for 'mind' does not need explanation.

But 'mind' for 'remember' has eluded me until yesterday when in reading a very entertaining and 'worldly-educational' writer of cowboy stories (including Hopalong Cassidy), Louis L'amour, his "The Lonesome Gods", wherein he uses dialogue from c. 1850 I came across this exchange (pg 259):

We were looking at him, waiting. "Paulino Weaver, he's moved in over yonder. Been here for some time."

"Mountain man," Jacob said. "I mind meeting him some while back. He's a good man."

And now that I read this, I mind hearing it before myself in actual conversations.


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