Khuddaka Nikaya

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Sutta Nipāta
Sutta 13. Udaya-manava-puccha Sutta

[pali] [faus]

Udaya's Questions

Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.

For free distribution only.




To the one in jhāna
    seated dustless,
    his task done,
        gone to the beyond
        of all phenomena,
I've come with a question.
Tell me the gnosis of emancipation,
    the breaking open
    of ignorance.

The Buddha:

The abandoning
    both of sensual desires,
    and of unhappiness,
the dispelling of sloth,
the warding off of anxieties,
equanimity-and-mindfulness purified,
    with inspection of mental qualities
    swift in the forefront:
That I call the gnosis of emancipation,[1]
    the breaking open
    of ignorance.[2]


With what
    is the world fettered?
With what
    is it examined?
Through the abandoning of what
    is there said to be

The Buddha:

With delight
    the world's fettered.
With directed thought
    it's examined.
Through the abandoning of craving
    is there said to be


Living mindful in what way
does one bring consciousness
        to a halt?
We've come questioning
    to the Blessed One.
Let us hear your words.

The Buddha:

Not relishing feeling,
    inside or out:
One living mindful in this way
    brings consciousness
        to a halt.[3]


[1] For a discussion of the "gnosis of emancipation" -- the state of knowledge consisting of mental absorption coupled with an analysis of mental states, see AN IX.36 and Section III.F in The Wings to Awakening.

[2] AN III.33 contains a discussion of this verse. The Buddha tells Ven. Sāriputta that one should train oneself such that "with regard to this conscious body, there will be no 'I'-making or 'mine'-making or obsession of conceit, such that with regard to all external themes [topics of concentration] there will be no 'I'-making or 'mine'-making or obsession of conceit, and that we will enter and remain in the awareness-release and discernment-release in which there is no 'I'-making or 'mine'-making or obsession of conceit." When one has trained in this way, he says, one is called a person who has cut through craving, unraveled the fetter, who has, through the right penetration of conceit, put an end to suffering and stress. He then states that it was in connection to this state that he uttered this verse.

[3] For a discussion of "bringing consciousness to a halt" -- showing that it is not an annihilation of consciousness, but rather the ending of its proliferating activity -- see SN XXII.53.


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