Aŋguttara Nikāya


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Aŋguttara Nikāya
VIII. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta
II: Mahā Vagga

Suttas 17-18

Purisa-Bandhana Suttaɱ and Itthi-Bandhana Suttaɱ

Translated from the Pali

 


 

The Pali

Aṭṭhahi bhikkhave ākārehi itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati.|| ||

Katamehi aṭṭhahi?

Rūpena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
hasitena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
bhaṇitena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
gītena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
roṇṇena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
ākappena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
vana-bhaŋgena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati,||
phassena bhikkhave itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati.|| ||

Imehi kho bhikkhave aṭṭhah'ākārehi itthi purisaɱ (purisaɱ itthi) bandhati.|| ||

Tehi bhikkhave sattā subaddhā yeva pāsena baddhā ti.|| ||

 


 

Vocabulary

itthi: woman. PED: ...perhaps with Sanskrit saatuḥ uterus, fr. Idg. ṣii to sow or produce, Latin sero, Gothic saian, Old High German saen, Annglo Saxon saawan ... also Cymr. hil progeny, Old Irish siil seed ... [no mention of sire] The regular representative of Vedit strii is P. thii, which only occurs rarely ... in MOZ PALI: "it stands"

purisaɱ: man. Male.

ākārehi: ākāra: to making, the way of making (property, qualtity, attribute) + Ka: stuff

bandhati: band: bond, >bandhana; PED: Latin: offendimentum i.e. band; Gothic: bindan = Old High German: bintan, English: bind; Sanskrit: bandhu relation. Causative: to bind, combine, unite, 2. to tie on, bind or put on to, fig. to apply to, put to, settle on; 3. to fix, prepare, get up, put together; 4. to acquire, get; 5. to compose. II. to cause to be bound

rūpena: rūpa is basically anything that has become a thing and that even includes ideas; from there it is anything that originates as perception of light, from there to matter, and from there it is used as matter, visible object, shape, body, form, figure, Hare: appearance; this is the 'energy' that is seen by the sorcerers of Don Juan's lineage but includes that which is seen by the ordinary eye

hasitena: hasita: laughing, merry, laughter, mirth

bhañitena: bhañati: speaking, reciting

gitena: You've heard of the Bhagavad Ghita, yes? The Song of God. Song. In one sense. In the first meaning more like incantation. "Giita: sung, recited, solemnly proclaimed, enunciated ... of mantas (mantras).

roññena: > ruñña > runny; weeping, crying, lamentation; the water works; here it comes! aww, jeeze, you're not gonna cry, are you?

ākappena: ā + kappa (fittings, such as the harness of a horse or the rigging on a ship); attire, appearance, 2. deportment (kappa in the sense of what is fitting, propper)

vana-bhañgena: vana = woods, forest, jungle, garden; bhañga: "broken"; broken branches; [Sanskrit: bhanga; Africans: Dakka; Avesta: bhangha; Polish pienka = Vedic ṣaña; Pali: saña and sāna, Greek cannabis; German: hanf, English: hemp.]

phassena: touch.

 


 

Sutta 17

Purisa-Bandhana Suttaɱ

Women's Wiles

[17.1][pts][bodh] Eight, Beggars, are the wiles with which women men begile.

What Eight?

By shape, Beggars, women men begile,
By laughter, Beggars, women men begile,
By fascinating speech, Beggars, women men begile,
By enchanting song, Beggars, women men begile,
By running tears, Beggars, women men begile,
By bedazzling ornament, Beggars, women men begile,
By potions of jungle herb[1], Beggars, women men begile
By touch, Beggars, women men begile.

These Beggars are the eight wiles with which women men begile.

And, Beggars, beings so ensnared are snared indeed.

 


 

Sutta 18

Purisa-Bandhana Suttaɱ

Man's Works

[18.1][pts][bodh] Eight, Beggars, are the works with which man enraptures women.

What Eight?

By appearances, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By a good sense of humor, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By spellbinding speech, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By raptures, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By bringing them to tears, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By gifts of bedazzling ornament, Beggars, man enraptures women,
By potions of jungle herb, Beggars, man enraptures women
By touch, Beggars, man enraptures women.

jisajes

These Beggars are the eight works with which man enraptures women.

And, Beggars, beings so ensnared are snared indeed.

 


[1] Bhaŋga. Numerous slang terms for cannibis are common words for other similar things: 'weed', 'tea', 'herb' 'leaf', so here the reverse may apply. Today 'bhanga' would not be understood as "flowers" but 'wild cannibis blooms' = "forest flowers". On the other hand there is a considerable body of anecdotal evidence that cannibis flowers are and have always been used to enhanse sexual pleasure. PED: "Bhanga1 (nt.) [cp. Sanskrit bhanga, which occurs already Atharva-veda XI. 6. 15 (see Zimmer. Altind. Leben 68), also Av. baɱha, Polish pienka hemp. On its possible etymology connection with Vedic shaṇa (Ath. Veda II. 4. 5) = Pāli saṇa and sāṇa hemp ( = Gr. ka/nnabis, Ger. hanf, E. hemp) see Walde, Latin Wtb. s. v. cannabis] hemp..." Bhk. Bodhi: 'gift', which is delicate, but not a good translation and, in spite of the warning that we should be wary of Greeks bearing "gifts" does not give people sufficient warning as to this significant danger of entrapment. In those days a 'potion' would be made by boiling the Bhaŋga in their butter-rich milk.


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