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Now, since conversion to Unicode, most fonts are not needed and so are no longer listed. See: AmericanPictogram for the keyboard layout for this font.

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Diacritics used in Roman Scripts for Pāḷi/Sanskrit studies; PTS: Pāḷi English Dictionary.

Pāḷi Roots

Pāḷi Suffixes

Pāḷi Grammatical Terms

pdfPāḷi Anuruddha, Dictionary of Pāḷi Idioms


Cover: Buddhism in Translations

Warren, Buddhism in Translations

Warren's Textbook introducing Buddhism by way of translations from the Pāḷi. A wide selection of sources organized by way of the Tripple Gem: Buddha, Dhamma, Saṇgha. Some oddities in the translation, and some choices one could live without, but all-in-all a great book for beginners.



Fundamentals of Meditation Practice Book CoverThe Fundamentals of Meditation Practice

Ven. Lok To

by Ting Chen, Translated by Dharma Master Lok To, edited by Sam Landberg and Dr. Frank G. French

This is a Zip file of a PDF Document of a book on Ch'an meditation technique by the teacher of another of my teachers, Venerable Lok To, the book's translator (I believe Sam Landberg is also an old acquaintance of mine).



Tao Te Ching

by Lao-tzu
Translated by J. Legge
Sacred Books of the East, Vol 39 — 1891

This is a work which every educated person should have read. Its relevance here is that it is cited by Rhys Davids in DN 26. But thank goodness for that as this work is full of wise advice. It is also crazy in spots and surely meets the description: There are those of other beliefs that are sometimes correct and sometimes not. The influence of this work on Chinese culture is evident in its rulers even today after the Comunist revolution. Essentially Lao Tsu is describing the way the governer of a state should use intentional not-doing or Wu wei 無爲, which is a basic principle of the Dhamma. There is much for a Buddhist practitioner to learn from this work. Another case of a man born in the wrong time who but for contact with the Dhamma would most certainly have prospered within it.



Pāḷi Text Society Publications

These are zipped pdf files for downloading to your computer. Be warned! They are all large files.

With the exception of the volumes of The Book of the Discipline, all the suttas in these volumes have been converted to html files which can be accessed individually from the Index.

These books are either Public Domain or are being released to the public under the following licence:
copyright statement
For details see Terms of Use

Dialogues of the Buddha, Volume I
Dialogues of the Buddha, Volume II
Dialogues of the Buddha, Volume III

The Book of the Kindred Sayings, I
The Book of the Kindred Sayings, II
The Book of the Kindred Sayings, III
The Book of the Kindred Sayings, IV
The Book of the Kindred Sayings, V

The Middle Length Sayings, Volume I
The Middle Length Sayings, Volume II
The Middle Length Sayings, Volume III

The Book of the Gradual Sayings, Volume 1: The Book of the Ones, Twos and Threes
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, Volume 2: The Book of the Fours
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, Volume 3: The Book of the Fives and Sixes
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, Volume 4: The Book of the Sevens, Eights and Nines
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, Volume 5: The Book of the tens and elevens

The Book of the Discipline, Volume I: Sutta Vibhaṇga
The Book of the Discipline, Volume II: Sutta Vibhaṇga
The Book of the Discipline, Volume III: Sutta Vibhaṇga
The Book of the Discipline, Volume IV: Mahāvagga
The Book of the Discipline, Volume V: Cullavagga
The Book of the Discipline, Volume VI: Parivāra

The following two alternatives for the Vinaya Pitaka are also suggested:
1. Download the Rhys Davids/Oldenberg translation from Sacred Texts Archive. Now fully html formatted and available on this site.
2. Check out the available resources in the Index. These include the Patimokkha in the Rhys Davids/Oldenberg translation and Bhk. Thanissaro's version.




Digital Pāḷi Text Society's Pāḷi English Dictionary

The Upgrade version of the .htm edition of the PTS PED:
ped.htm almost 6MB! 2.2MB This version has an internal style sheet and all images have been removed. Works on installation, no editing necessary.

The Upgrade version of the .txt edition of the PTS PED:
ped.utf8.txt 5.5MB! 2.2MB
Zipped text file in unicode utf-8 with PC line endings. This version of the text file contains only the title page and the word listings; no introductory materials.

This work is based on a scanned version of an early reprint of an early edition of The Pāḷi Text Society's Pāḷi English Dictionary revised in accordance with the 2015 "Reprint with corrections" by K.R. Norman, William Pruitt and Peter Jackson.



The Digatized PTS Pāḷi:
DN I 1-13
DN II 14-23
DN III 24-34
MN I 1-76
MN II 77-106
MN III 107-152
AN I Books 1-3
AN II Book 4
AN III Books 5 and 6
AN IV Books 7-8-9
AN V Books 10-11
SN Book I Sagātha-Vagga
SN Book II Nidāna-Vagga
SN Book III Khandha-Vagga
SN Book IV Saḷāyatana-Vagga
SN Book V Mahā-Vagga
VP I Mahavagga



Majjhima Nikāya.

The Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoḷi 3-volume manuscript used as the basis for the Bhk. Bodhi edited edition.

"Manuscript" here means hand written! and his script is no easy thing to read.

PDFMN 1 Ñāṇamoḷi.
 PDFMN 2 Ñāṇamoḷi.
 PDFMN 3 Ñāṇamoḷi.

Portions (90 Suttas) of The Ven. Ñāṇamoḷi translation have been typeset and minimally edited and arranged by Phra Khantipalo. The work is titled: A Treasury of the Buddha's Discourses from the Majhima-nikaya. This is a scaned version of the typeset book and is readable.
The book version is also available from various sources.

PDFMN 1 Ñāṇamoḷi.
 PDFMN 2 Ñāṇamoḷi.
 PDFMN 3 Ñāṇamoḷi.



A Practical Grammar of the Pāḷi Language

This is a Zip file of a PDF Document.

Journal of the Pāḷi Text Society 1882 - 1927

PDF icon
JPTS Contents
JPTS 1882 I
JPTS 1883_I
JPTS 1884_I
JPTS 1885_II
JPTS 1886_II
JPTS 1887_II
JPTS 1890_IV
JPTS 1891-3_IV
JPTS 1894-1896_IV
JPTS 1897-1901_V
JPTS 1902-3_V
JPTS 1904-5_V
JPTS 1906-7_V
JPTS 1908_VI
JPTS 1909_VI
JPTS 1910-12_VI
JPTS 1913-4_VII
JPTS 1915-6_VII
JPTS 1917-9_VII
JPTS 1920-3_VII
JPTS 1924-27_VIII

PDF iconJournal Asiatique 1902


Bhikkhu Analayo:

pdfSatipaṭṭhāna, The Direct Path to Realization
pdfThe Potential of Pleasant Feelings

Bhikkhu Anandajoti:

pdfUdāna, Exalted Utterances, Translated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu Ariyesako and Bhikkhu Nirodho:

pdfEssential Chants
pdfVinaya Notes

Sir Edwin Arnold:

pdfThe Light of Asia, Being the Life and Teaching of Gautama Prince of India and Founder of Buddhism (as told in verse by an Indian Buddhist). A version of this work annotated by Ānandajoti Bhikkhu.

Samuel Beal:

pdfTexts from The Buddhist Canon, commonly known as Dhammapada with Accompanying Narratives, translated from the Chinese by Samuel Beal, Professor of Chinese, University College, London, Trubner & Co., 1878.

zipThe Eighteen Schools of Buddhism by Vasumitra" by Samuel Beal, from The Indian Antiquary, IX, 1880. Zipped File.

zipThe Sutra of the Fourty-two Sections" by Samuel Beal, from Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Old Series, Vol. XIX, art. XIV, 1862. Zipped File.

Bhk. Bodhi:

Zipped text files Wheel_277, Transcendental Dependent Arising A Translation and Exposition of the Upanisa Sutta good to see Bhk.Bodhi's changes of vocabulary.

Ajahn Brahm:

pdfDependent Origination
pdfThe Jhanas
Guided Metta Meditation (audio)

Daniel G. Brinton:

zipNagualism Zipped File.

Roderick S. Bucknell:

pdfReinterpreting the Jhānas Joural of the International Association of Buddhist Studies

Bhk. Buddhadasa:

pdfAnapanasati (Mindfulness of Breathing)

Lord Chalmers:

Further Dialogues of the Buddha, Translated from the Pāḷi of the Majjhima Nikāya. Images.
PDF iconVolume I
pdfVolume II

Ajahn Chah:

e-pubStillness Flowing


pdfDictionary of the Pāḷi Language. Images.


pdfOn Yuan Chwang's Travels in India

Choong Mun-Keat:

PDF iconThe Fundamental Teachings of Early Buddhism

Bhk. Cintita:

PDF iconBuddhist Life / Buddhist Path

Margaret Cone:

PDF iconCaveat Lector, from The Journal of the Pali Text Society, Vol. XXIX (2007) pp.95-106.

L.S. Cousins:

PDF iconJournal of Buddhist Ethics, Vol. 4., Sep. 1, 1997. Review of Bhk. Bodhi's edited edition of Ñāṇamoli's translation of the Majjhima Nikaya, Middle Length Discourse of the Buddha.

Bhk. Dhammika

PDF iconNature and the Environment in Early Buddhism,


PDF iconFukanzazengi, A Universal Recommendation for True Zazen, by Dogen, Who Transmitted the Dharma from Sung (China)

Ajahn Dtun

PDF iconThe Autobiography of Luang Por Akaradej Thiracitto Bhikkhu (Ajahn Dtun)

Sigmund Freud:

pdfThe Interpretation of Dreams, The MacMillan Company, 1913.

Wilhelm Geiger:

PDF iconThe Mahāvaṃsa Or The Great Chronicle of Ceylon, translated by Wilhelm Geiger

Rupert Gethin:

PDF iconThe Foundations of Buddhism


PDFThe Travels of FA-hsien, (399-414 A.D.), or Record of the Buddhistic Kingdoms, H.A. Giles, M.A., re-translation.
From the Introduction: From this little book of travel the unbiassed reader may perhaps obtain a furtive glimpse of the gradeur of the Buddhist religion in the early years of the 5th century A.D.

R.F. Gombrich:

PDF iconRecovering the Buddha's Message

George Grimm:

PDF iconThe Doctrine of the Buddha: The Religion of Reason

R. Spence Hardy

pdfManual of Budhism, in its Modern Development, translated from Singhalese mss. by R. Spence Hardy, Partridge and Oakey, 1853


pdfThe Religions of India

John D. Ireland:

PDF iconThe Udāna and The Itivuttaka

K. N. Jayatilleke:

PDF iconEarly Buddhist Theory of Knowledge

Rune E.A. Johansson:

PDF iconPali Buddhist Texts Explained to the Beginner Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograh Series #14

U. Jotika and U. Dhammindo:

PDF iconMaha Satipatthana Sutta

Journal Asiatique 1902

PDF iconJournal Asiatique 1902

Upasika Kee Nanayon:

pdfAn Unentangled Knowing 1995; translated from the Thai by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.

A. Berriedale Keith:

pdfBuddhist Philosophy in India and Ceylon, 1923

Tse-Fu Kuan:

PDF iconClarification on Feelings in Buddhist Dhyāna/Jhāna Meditation

Bhk. Kumara:

pdfWhat You Might Not Know about Jhāna and Samādhi

Michael Lackner:

pdfCircumnavigating the Unfamiliar: Dao'An (314-385) and Yan Fu (1852-1921) on Western Grammar

Bryan Levman

pdfLanguage Theory, Phonology, and Etymology in Buddhism and their relationship to Brahmanism
pdfThe Language of Early Buddhism

Pra Rachapavanavigrom (Luang Por Liem Ṭhitadhammo)

pdfFollowing the Footsteps of the Enlightened Beings

Meister Eckhart

pdfThe Complete Mystical Works of Meister Eckhart, Translated by Maurice O' C Walshe

Ajahn Fuang

pdfAwareness Itself

Ajahn Munindo

pdfWe Are All Translators

Ñāṇamoli Thera:

pdfPath of Purification
pdfThe Life of the Buddha
The Practice of Loving-Kindness: (Metta)
Zipped text files. The Discourse On Right View: The Sammaditthi Sutta and its Commentary
pdfPāḷi Buddhist Review: Vol. 5, No. 1-2, 1980, Mulapariyaya Sutta, The Root of all Dhammas.

Bhk. Nanananda:

pdfThe Law of Dependedt Origination,
pdfNibbāna-the Mind Stilled.

Ñāṇavīra Thera:

pdfClearing the Path, Writings of Ñāṇavīra Thera (1960-1965), Path Press

K.R. Norman:

pdfA Philological Approach to Buddhism, The Buddhist Forum, Volume 5

Bhk Nyanatiloka:

pdfAṇguttara Nikāya Anthology
pdfBuddhist Dictionary

Michael M. Olds:

BuddhaDust cover

[PDF iconPDFRead On-Line]

The first iteration of The Pāḷi Line c 1987. The original was typewritten. This version has been reset using Times Roman. The illustrations are from the original. Some very slight editing. Handy as a quick reference to one way of organizing the Dhamma. 74 pages.

Bhk. Payutto:

PDF iconBuddhadhamma

Puakea Nogelmeier and Jake H. Davis:

PDF iconKaraṇīa Metta Sutta

Venerable Madawela Punnaji, Maha Thera:

PDF iconReturn to Tranquility
PDF iconBecoming a Buddhist
PDF iconBeyond the Hoirizon of Time
PDF iconBuddha the Radical Shrink: Buddhist Psychotherapy
PDF iconDid We Cross the Threshold of Hope?
PDF iconThe Four Evolutionary Stages of Religion
PDF iconThe Philosophy of Vesak
PDF iconThe Psychology of Mettā
PDF iconWhy Religion?
PDF iconAriyamagga-Bhavana-Level-1
PDF iconAriyamagga-Bhavana-Level-2
PDF iconAriyamagga-Bhavana-Level-3
PDF iconA Taste of Freedom

T.W. Rhys-Davids:

pdfBuddhist Birth Stories: or Jātaka Tales. The Oldest Collection of Folk-lore Extant, being The Jātakatthavaṇṇā, Edited in the Pāḷi by V. Fausböll and Translated by T.W. Rhys-Davids. The title page says "Volume 1" so it is uncertain if this is the complete set.
The American Lectures on the History of Religions.
pdfBuddhism — The History and Literature of Buddhism, by T.W. Rhys-Davids.
pdfThe Hibbert Lectures, 1881, Lectures on the Origin and Growth of Religion as illustrated by some points in the History of Indian Buddhism
pdfBuddhism: A Sketch of the Life and Teachings of Gautama, the Buddha
pdfPersecution of the Buddhists in India, JPTS 1894-1896, page 87 ff..
pdfSchools of Buddhist Belief, by T.W. Rhys Davids, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Sociey, 1892.
pdfThe Sects of the Buddhists, by T.W. Rhys Davids, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Sociey, 1891.

Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw

pdfDhammacakkapavattana Sutta, The Great Discourse on the Wheel of Dhamma

Sacred Books of the East,

pdfSacred Books of the East, Volume 21: Lotus of the True Law.
A Mahayana Sutta. Included here because occasionally referenced in footnotes.

Anuradha Seneviratna

pdfKing Asoka and Buddhism, Historical and Literary Studies, Edited by Anuradha Seneviratna

David N. Snyder, Ph.D.:

PDF iconThe Complete Book of Buddha's Lists — Explained.


PDF iconJātakamālā or Garland of Birth-Stories by Āryaśūra, translated by J.S. Speyer

Ajahn Sumedho

PDF iconNow is the Knowing

Mia Touw:

Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, pdfThe Religious and Medicinal Uses of Cannabis in China, India and Tibet.

Vincent Arthur Smith:

pdfAsoka the Buddhist Emperor of India

August Strindberg:

pdfThe Inferno

Bhikkhu Thanissaro:

pdfThe Buddhist Monastic Code, Volumes I and II
pdfThe Mind like Fire Unbound
pdfThe Paradox of Becoming
pdfSkill in Questions
pdfThe Question of Bhikkhunī Ordination
pdfFirst Things First
pdfThe Truth of Rebirth
pdfUdāna: Exclamations
pdfThe Mirror of Insight
mobi The Mirror of Insight

Oscar van Hinuber:

pdfPāḷi as an Artifical Language, from The Online Journal of the International Association of Sanskrit Studies, Volume X (1982), Proceedigs of the Conference Seminar of Indological Studies, Stockholm, 1980 (Reprinted with Permission)

Javier Fernandez-Viña:

pdfEarly Buddhist Teachings - A Collection of Early Sutras, compiled by Javier Fernandez-Viña
This compilation focuses on lesser known sources and attempts to collect a wide variety of them. It includes extracts from many different Indian Buddhist traditions including: Dharmaguptaka, Sarvastivada, Sautrantika, Mulasarvastivada, Mahasamghika, Pudgalavada and Mahayana.

Ajahn Visuddhi audios:

Dan Zigmond:

pdfToward a Computational Analysis of the Pali Canon



Translation Tools:

File Structure Template. A set of empty folders for organizing suttas in the Pāḷi Cannon.

 â Ā ā Ē ē Ī ī Ō ō Ū ū Ḍ ḍ Ḥ ḥ Ḷ ḷ ɱ Ṃ ṃ Ṁ ṁ ṇ Ṅ ṇ Ṇ ṇ ṛ Ñ ñ Ṭ ṭ ../ Ś ṣ ś ° > < § √

TEXTPAD USERS. A Clip-book for the insertion of Unicode diacritical characters for the Pāḷi Language.
Download > Extract to SAMPLES subfolder of your TextPad installation folder > then
1. From the View menu, choose Clip Library;
2. Click the down arrow on the Clip Library, to display the list of clip-books;
3. Select "pali-diacritics.TCL" from the drop-down list.

The clip-book contains all the diacriticals used for writing the Pāḷi language in Roman characters (see above). All the alternative forms and a few often-used special characters are included, and the Clip book can be edited to add new clips as needed.

Translators/Editors, future and present, The unique Clip-book feature of TextPad allows the saving of any amount of text as a macro for insertion at a later time. This means it is possible that a collection of 'stock phrases' either of translation fragments or the original Pāḷi, can be stored for repeated use and inserted with a click where needed.



Bhikkhu Sujato's Nikāya translations

The translations of the Four Nikāyas by Bhk. Sujato and his computer. Not Recommended except as a matter of historical interest. Dangerouly mistranslated, often without any relationship to the Pali text, explanations are given as translations, and those explanations are in accordance with insufficient personal knowledge. The orientation is partly "misguided view" and partly "consummate view still accompanied by the corrupting influences, connected to pursuit of the consequences of meritorious action." (MN.117)

Dīgha Nikāya e-pube-pub pdfpdf
Majjhima Nikāya e-pube-pub pdfpdf
Aṇguttara Nikāya e-pube-pub pdfpdf
Saɱyutta Nikāya e-pube-pub pdfpdf



DN cover image MN cover image AN cover image SN cover image

E-Book Editions
of the Pāḷi Text Society Translations
The Four Nikāyas
E-pub, Azw, Mobi, and PDF formats

Free downloads of the PTS translations of the Four Nikāyas have just been announced by Bhante Bhikkhu Subhuti on his website:

Please note that this is not a project of BuddhaDust and these publications are not being hosted on this site. These books were compiled and re-formatted from our as of then [Monday, December 30, 2019 8:15 AM] incompletely proofed html source files by Bhante Bhikkhu Subhuti and Stephen J. Torrence. Since then the html source files have been completely proofed.

It was originally announce that these books would undergo updating as the proofing of the source files was completed. To insure that you are downloading the latest version, please downlad from



Yarnbasket for a Buddhist

Selected Suttas from the Four Nikāyas


Selected Suttas from the Majjhima Nikāya

pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 1, Part 1, Selections from Suttas 1-100
pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 1, Part 2, Selections from Suttas 101-152
pdfSutta 1 (The MūlaPariyaya Sutta)
pdfSutta 10 (The Satipaṭṭhana Suttanta)

Selected Suttas from the Dīgha Nikāya

pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 2
pdfSutta 1
pdfSutta 6
pdfSutta 13
pdfSutta 15
pdfSutta 22
pdfSutta 33
pdfSutta 34

Selected Suttas from the Aṇguttara Nikāya

pdfThe Book of Ones
pdfThe Book of Twos
pdfThe Book of Threes
pdfThe Book of Fours
pdfThe Book of Fives
pdfThe Book of Sixes
pdfThe Book of Sevens
pdfThe Book of Eights
pdfThe Book of Nines
pdfThe Book of Tens
pdfThe Book of Elevens
pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 3, Part 1 Books 1-5
pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 3, Part 2 Books 6-11

Selected Suttas from the Saṃyutta Nikāya

pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 4, Part 1, Books 1-4
pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 4, Part 2, Book 5, Part I
pdfYarnbasket for a Buddhist, Volume 4, Part 2, Book 5, Part II

pdfBook I
pdfBook II
pdfBook III
pdfBook IV

Copyright Statement